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Sociology test 2
Terms in this set (32)
A violation of established contextual, cultural, or social norms
The top 85 ppl in the world have more wealth that the bottom ______________________ ppl.
which suggested that individuals learn deviant behavior from those close to them who provide models of and opportunities for deviance. According to Sutherland, deviance is less a personal choice and more a result of differential socialization processes.
differential association theory
Robert Merton's Strain Theory, people who accept the cultural goals of money and power, but reject the cultural means to obtain them, or are unable to access those means, are called
ascribing deviant behavior to another person by members of society (homeless, alcoholic, deadbeat dad, crack head)
A socioeconomic system that divides society's members into categories ranking from high to
low, based on things like wealth, power, and prestige
Unions of people within the same social category
An ideal system in which personal effort—or merit—determines social standing
The Davis-Moore thesis, which argues that people should be paid more for some jobs because they are worth more, is an example of which of the three theoretical perspectives?
The act of buying and using products to make a statement about social standing
Emmanual Wallerstein's World System's Model classifies nations into what categories
a. Core nations
b. Semi-peripheral nations
c. peripheral nations
World Bank Classifications
What are two of the biggest problems facing high-income nations today
deindustrialization, capital flight
An unregulated economy of labor and goods that operates outside of governance,
regulatory systems, or human protections
According to Wagley and Harris, what are the five characteristics of minority groups
a. Unequal treatment and less power over lives
b. Distinguishing physical or cultural trait like skin color or language
c. Involuntary membership in the group
d. Awareness of subordination
e. High rate of in-group marriage
This theory was developed from Dollard's 1939 Frustration-Aggression Theory - dominant group places their frustration on subordinate group, blames them for their problems
This type of racism is embedded in the fabric of society, resulting in things like disproportionate number of black males incarcerated
The process by which a minority group and a majority group combine to form a new group - this is the classic example of the melting pot.
Societies practice social control to maintain ________.
During the civil rights movement, Rosa Parks and other black protestors spoke out against segregation by refusing to sit at the back of the bus. This is an example of ________.
A student wakes up late and realizes her sociology exam starts in five minutes. She jumps into her car and speeds down the road, where she is pulled over by a police officer. The student explains that she is running late, and the officer lets her off with a warning. The student's actions are an example of _________.
According to social disorganization theory, crime is most likely to occur where?
A community where neighbors don't know each other very well
asserts that crime is most likely to occur in communities with weak social ties and the absence of social control.
social disorganization theory
violation of norms that does not result in any long-term effects on the individual's self-image or interactions with others.
occurs when a person's self-concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of society.
suggested that individuals learn deviant behavior from those close to them who provide models of and opportunities for deviance.
differential association theory
people are born into their social standing and will remain in it their whole lives
What factor makes class systems open?
allow for movement between classes
Structural mobility occurs when
a large group moves up or down the class ladder due to societal changes
Micro, face to face, everyday life
Macro, Relationship between parts of society
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