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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
US History Units 11-13 test review
Terms in this set (27)
What impact did the demand for cotton have on the South?
The number of slaves working on Southern cotton plantations increased.
Explain the issue of tariffs (who was for and who was against them)
North was for the tariffs- it made their products cheaper
South was against the tariffs- it forced them to buy more expensive goods.
What was the Tariff of Abominations and who was John C. Calhoun
The Tariff of 1828 was known as the Tariff of Abominations. This forced Southerners to buy the more expensive American made goods. John C. Calhoun was the governor of South Carolina who proposed the Doctrine of Nullification.
Explain the Nullification Crisis
The issue was over tariffs. South Carolina believed that it could nullify or void a law that they felt was unconstitutional. John C. Calhoun threatened to have South Carolina secede from the Union.
What was Dred Scott vs. Sandford?
A slave sued for his freedom when he was taken into a free territory. The Supreme Court ruled that the slave was not a citizen and did not have the rights to sue in court. They also declared the Missouri Compromise line as unconstitutional. This was a huge victory for pro slavery advocates.
What were the effects of the Dred Scott decision?
Slaves were now viewed as property and could be taken to any territory. The Missouri Compromise was deemed unconstitutional.
Put these events in chronological order: Kansas-Nebraska Act, Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Nullification Crisis
Missouri Compromise, Nullification Crisis, Compromise of 1850, Kansas-Nebraska Act
Main cause of the civil war:
The issue of slavery, states rights, abolitionist movement, economic differences, election of Lincoln. TISSUES
Dates of the Civil War:
What was the effect of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
Fighting broke out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups in Kansas
What was one major result of the Missouri Compromise?
It temporarily relieved sectional differences. Missouri became a slave state, and Maine became a free state.
What were the details laid out in the Compromise of 1850?
California becomes a free state, Fugitive Slave law is adopted.
Summarize the outcome of the Election of 1860:
Lincoln won despite the fact that he did not win any states in the South
What was Harriet Beecher Stowe's impact on the Civil War?
She wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
Who was Ulysses S. Grant?
Was appointed General in chief of the Union Army during the Civil War
Where did Thomas Stonewall Jackson get his nickname?
The First Battle of Bull Run
Significance of Fort Sumter
The Confederate attack on this fort started the Civil War
Significance of the Battle of Antietam?
The first major battle to take place on Northern soil. The bloodiest single day in the civil war. Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation shortly after this battle.
Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg?
The South suffered heavy losses, preventing it from making any future advances in the North
Significance of the Battle of Vicksburg?
After this battle, the north had complete control of the Mississippi River. This divided the Confederacy in two and cut off its supplies.
Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation
Freed the slaves in the South. This now attached the issue of slavery to the Civil War.
What happened after Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse?
Lincoln started Reconstruction - a plan to bring Confederate states back into the Union.
What was the Thirteenth Amendment?
Granted freedom to all slaves in America.
What was the Fourteenth Amendment?
Grants citizenship to all people living in America - including former slaves
What was the Fifteenth Amendment?
Grants voting rights to African American men
Who was Hiram Rhodes Revels?
First African American to be elected to the United States Senate
What are "black codes" and why did the Southern States pass them?
Black codes were state laws passed in the South that were made to limit rights of former slaves. These laws prompted the United States to pass the Fourteenth Amendment which granted citizenship rights to former slaves.
What was the most significant outcome of the Chicano Moratorium?
Some of the Republicans in the Senate did not want to set a dangerous precedent of using frivolous impeachment charges as a way to politically punish a president.
By turning Virginia into a royal colony, James I put which political body in charge of ratifying all local legislation emanating from the colony?
an economy based on large-scale industries and production of goods
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
American Anthem: Modern American History (California)
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
United States History: Reconstruction to the Present (Oklahoma)
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Michael Roberts, Peter B. Levy
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