APWH 29: Industrial Revolution
The process of developing machine production of goods, usually at a national level.
Inventor of the first practical steam engine.
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals. Contain a great deal of energy.
Bringing many workers and machines together into one building to maximize production.
The movement of people into cities of ever-increasing size.
Money needed to start or fund business ventures.
Second Industrial Revolution
When mass production moved to steel and machines began to be powered via electricity and petroleum.
A social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business people, and small-estate landowners.
Industrial Working Class
The socioeconomic class that consists of factory workers & laborers.
Group of British workers who attempted to prevent industrialized growth by sabotaging machines.
An association of workers formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages.
Idea that people should own things as a group, and that such a system should be achieved by voluntary sacrifice.
The inventor of communism along with Friedrich Engels.
Political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society. Such a state should be achieved via revolutionary overthrow of the government. Anti-religious.
Eduard Bernstein's idea that socialism should be attained by slow processes and cooperation rather than conflict and revolution.
The idea that governments should not interfere with the workings of business or international trade in any way.
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