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12 terms

Human Digestive System

12 terms from p. 72 in Biology book
STUDY
PLAY
mouth
the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
salivary glands
three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva; the parotid, submandibular (submaxillary), and sublingual glands
esophagus
food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
stomach
stores and prepares food for digestion
liver
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poisons and drugs out of the blood
pancreas
gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food
small intestine
responsible for most chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients
large intestine
the last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body
rectum
A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste material is compressed into a solid form before being eliminated
anus
opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
appendix
A small pouch located where the small intestine joins the large intestine. It has no known use and sometimes can become infected and have to be removed.
gall bladder
stores and concentrates bile