Plagiarism, Research Paper Quizlet
Terms in this set (64)
What is plagiarism
To take someone's writing or ideas and pass them off as your own or to take an idea or writing passage from someone else in order to make people believe you created it yourself. This includes using it as is or changing minor details
Examples of plagiarism
Submitting a paper found on a website. Borrowing a paper from another student. Copying straight from any source found online. Copying something and changing minor details. Copying material from any source without giving credit. Paraphrasing or summarizing material without giving credit.
Reasons people plagiarize
Lack of confidence in one's writing abilities.
Poor time management and organizational skills. Poor work ethic and/or low stage of moral development. View cheating as a "game." These students enjoy pushing the limits and/or testing their luck. View the class as unimportant or irrelevant. Cannot handle the workload.
what is a citation
tell the reader where the information came from
Ways to do it
"...The quote..." (last name page number).
According to Robinson "quote" (page number).
what do you make sure of in your sentence
author's name and page number
when can you use material without citing it
common knowledge and if it is said in all your sources
how can you avoid plagiarism
DON'T CUT AND PASTE ANYTHING!!!!
-Put quotations around everything that comes directly from the text, even when taking notes.
-Paraphrase or summarize, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words.
-Read the original piece of writing then put it into your own words without looking at the original piece of work.
-Check your paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.
true or false - Simply changing minor details of a passage DOES NOT mean you have avoided plagiarizing, it simply means you have plagiarized a different way.
what is paraphrasing
Taking someone else's words / ideas and putting them into your own words
all major points, as well as minor details.
true or false - make sure you don't give credit
false - do give credit
how do I paraphrase
-Read the entire article.
-Be sure you understand what the article is saying. Look up ALL words you don't understand.
-Identify the main idea.
-Write the paraphrase in your own words.
-Give credit = in-text citation
what is summarizing
Include only the main idea and the most important supporting details
true or false - summarizing means to put in your own words
false - paraphrasing
true or false - do not use citations in summarizing
false - you do use citations
what 5 words do you ask your self
who, what, when, where, and why
quotes with a few words - use within your own _______
quotes of one or more sentence, use your ____ words as _______
quotes are longer than
do not use what
-Use quotation marks, unless it's a block quote.
-Indent a block quote (no quote marks).
-ALWAYS cite your source.
-Make sure you get the quote correct.
-Use any time you quote, paraphrase, or summarize something that isn't your own.
-Citation should always be as close to the quote as possible.
-Include the author's last name and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
-You can include the author's last name in the sentence.
-Larger than a summary (a few paragraphs at most)
-Contains the main idea
-Contains most of the supporting details
-Smaller than a paraphrase (usually a few sentences at most)
-Contains the main idea
-Contains only the most important details (who, what, when, where, why, how)
A research paper is different from an essay because
a research paper is an extended anlysis based on data and evidence
Establishing a strong, authoritative tone in your research paper means
choosing a writing style that establishes the writer as an authority, lead by example
An introductory paragraph should always contain
the thesis statement
Similar to having strong opinions, a writers emotions
should not be stated openly to the reader but instead demonstrated and proven by the evidence
A work of non-fiction is based upon
facts ad real-life occurrences
Statistical information should always be cited because
facts can always be disupted
In a works cited, it is essential that
all sources are alphabetized
The tone of a writer's work usually refers to
the mood that is conveyed within the work
When a paper has authoritative tone, this means
the writer presents his or her material knowledgeable fashion
Unlike an opinion, a fact
is known to be true
Footnotes and parenthetical citations are important because
they protect a writer from accusations of plagiarism
When listing books in a standard works cited, the correct procedure is to
list all the printing editions of the books you have used.
A works cited is an essential component of any research paper because it
officially lists all the sources the writer has consulted
A primary source
includes eyewitness accounts or firsthand information about the event or topic discussed in the paper
Transitional phrases refer to sentences or paragraph that
link thoughts or paragraphs smoothly to one another
A secondary source, as opposed to a primary source, is one that
was not written or recoreded directly by a witness to the events discussed in the paper or by someone with firsthand knowledge of the subject
Internet or electronic sources are just as valid as print sources as long as you
evaluate for accuracy, recency, an editorial board, authority, bias, and purpose as well as provide the reader with the exact web address and provide correct documentation of the website
The best way to remember the correct spelling of a word and its proper usage is to
use a dictionary, look it up,and see the word in context
When writing a research paper, the point of view that you should always use is
an impersonal point of view so you can simply provide facts
the term "printed material" refers to any material that is
in hard copy and text such as material found in books, magazines, or articles.
The purpose of writing an outline for your research is to
provide a step-by-step guide and overview that links your main points visually on one page
A thesis statement is
the primary argument of your paper
A preliminary outline is
a beginning or first draft of your outline
You can include direct quotes from authorities and speeches in your paper as long as you
cite the specific context from which they were taken in your footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical citations
"Brainstorming" is a useful process because it allows you to
jot down many idaes that you can refer to later
Using evidence in your paper to support your thesis statement is important. The term "evidence" refers to
statistics, illustrations, speeches, or direct quotes that prove your argument
A comprehensive collection of related information, often stored electronically, is called a(n)
A thesis statement should always be clear and written
at the very beginning of your research paper, preferably in the introduction
The sentence, "Kennedy was a really cool president," is a good example of
colloquial or informal writing
Using formal language in your paper means to
address the topic in a professional and serious manner with language reserved for scholarly work
Common spelling errors are often found when a spell check is completed; however, this method is not infallible. To be sure that you find all errors, you can
have a friend or relative read your paper to look for errors
The difference between an emotional and logical appeal is that a logical appeal
is based upon fact
In order to find a new topic for your paper, it is often helpful to
ask yourself some basic questions like, "who," "what," "when," or "why" about a particular subject that interests you
A primary source is valuable because
it provides a firsthand perspective about the event, time period, or topic you are researching
Using note cards to take down information from books is helpful and handy because
note cards can be arranged easily and quickly and stored in one place
The following is the best organizational pattern for an introductory paragraph in a research paper?
attention Getter, Link to Topic, Thesis
Type of sentence should an effective writer use immediately after providing research in a body paragraph
write an analysis or warrant on the significance of the information
Consider the following sentence: "Adoption agencies often require biological parents to submit a detailed medical history." Which piece of of evidence would BEST follow this sentence?
parents sometimes fear that certain biological conditions will not be made aware to them during the adoption process, but according to the Association for Safe Adoption, these fears can be prevented if the parents are given the proper medical information.
A listing of possible sources that may be used in researching your topic is called
a working bibliography