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PLT 7-12 Praxis Exam Questions
Terms in this set (20)
Which of the following is something that should almost always be discussed with students when they are given a type of assignment that may be new to them
What the students can expect to learn from doing the assignment
A teacher gives his students a list of terms to use in an essay and intends the list to serve as a kind of learning called a scaffold. If the students use the list effectively, which of the following would be an appropriate next step for the teacher to take then assigning the students their next essay?
Asking the students to come up with their own list of terms to use in the new assignment
A high school teacher is trying to help nonnative speakers of English understand an English text. During the class, the teachers asks the students to read aloud and focuses on correcting errors in pronunciation. Which of the following is a principle of second-language development that this approach fails to take into account?
Nonnative speakers of a language can understand what they are reading before they can accurately pronounce all the sounds in the language
The concept of the placement of students in the least restrictive educational environment developed as a result of efforts to:
Normalize the lives of those children with disabilities who were being educated in isolation from their peers
A tenth grade student feels overwhelmed by an assignment to write a term paper on an assigned topic. The teacher's advice is to approach the task by breaking it into smaller subtasks with which the student has more experience. Which of the following activities is most consistent with this method?
Finding two sources of information on the topic and reading each to see what they have in common
A teacher would get better information from a Criterion-Referenced test than from a Norm-Referenced test about which of the following:
How much each individual student has learned about a particular aspect of the curriculum
Which of the following is best for a teacher to do when establishing classroom rules?
Explain why the established rules are necessary for enhancing student cooperation
A Student at Kohlberg's stage 4 of Moral development would most likely say_____ when their sibling lies to their parent about something they need or did
Urge their sibling to confess his action to their mother because he broke the rules by lying, and people should never tell lies
Which for the following is most likely to be a feature of an accelerated program rather than a component of an enrichment activity?
Receiving credit by Exam
Which of the following descriptors best characterizes creativity?
The student's solutions prove viable, although they give the initial appearance of novelty
When students finish the activity, the teacher says "Trade the draft directions with your lab partner. "OK, now you and your lab partner should try out each other's directions by using the box of parts in front of you. You should see if the directions are clear, and you should give each other tips on how to improve the directions." At this point in the lesson, which of the following best describes the types of assessments the teacher is using?
Peer and Informal Assessment
The teacher instructs the students to use the feedback from their lab partners to improve and finalize their directions, put the directions in a formatted, word-processed document, and hand in the document at the next class. To most appropriately modify the assignment for beginning-level English language learners (ELLs), the teacher should:
Allow the ELLs to submit a series of pictures as a basis for explaining their directions
Which of the following professional strategies is most likely to result in improved student motivation and academic performance?
Teachers collaborate to formulate, select, and monitor classroom management techniques and other classroom procedures based on successful experiences
Which of the following correctly states an aspect of effective reflection practice?
Teacher coaches should create an environment of trust and build a context for reflection that is unique to every learning situation
To determine whether each student has achieved specific skills or concepts.
To find out how much students know before instruction begins and after it has finished.
To rank each student with respect to the
achievement of others in broad areas of knowledge.
To discriminate between high and low achievers.
Criterion-Referenced Tests Content Measure:
Measures specific skills which make up a designated curriculum. These skills are identified by teachers and curriculum experts.
Norm-Referenced Tests Content Measure:
Measures broad skill areas sampled from a variety of textbooks, syllabi, and the judgments of curriculum experts.
To Modify Vocab Instruction for all ELL Students:
Provide direct instruction of new vocabulary.
Provide practice in pronouncing new words
Provide repeated exposure to new terms, words, idioms, and phrases
Tie new vocabulary to prior learning
Use visuals to reinforce meaning
Teach text vocabulary as well as other subject matter vocabulary
Use word walls at all grade levels
7 Classroom Strategies for Classroom Teachers of English Language Learners
1. Provide comprehensible input for ELLs
2. Make Lessons Visual
3. Link New Information to Prior Knowledge
4. Determine Key Unit & Language Objectives
5. Modify Vocabulary Instruction for All ELL Students
6. Use Cooperative Learning Strategies
7. Modify testing and Homework
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