APES Chapter 16
Terms in this set (36)
A collective action by a whole society to use things for a few uses and then dispose of them.
municipal solid waste (MSW)
Trash and refuse that is disposed by conventional sources such as homes, businesses, etcetera.
The collective amount of MSW being treated either by disposal, recycling, or other methods.
MSW that comes from electronic appliances and devices, that generally contains toxic metals.
A practice to minimize the amount of products consumed, thereby minimizing the amount of MSW entering the waste stream.
A practice to use products more than once, thereby prolonging and slowing the entrance of MSW into the waste stream.
A practice to break down products after use into raw materials, and then make new products out of them.
A method of recycling in which products are broken down, and then used to make the same product.
A method of recycling in which products are broken down, and then other materials are added to make a new product.
An organic form of recycling in which bacteria are utilized to break down organic matter into soil.
The contaminated, toxic water that comes from landfills.
A landfill that is designed to minimize environmental impact by lining it with clay, having leachate and methane collection systems, and a soil cap.
The soil covering over a landfill that prevents escape of toxic substances from the landfill.
A clay or plastic layer around the inside of a landfill that prevents (to a degree) the leaching of toxic and heavy metals into the soil.
leachate collection system
A series of pipes at the bottom of a landfill that collect and remove of contaminated water.
methane collection system
A network of piping above a landfill that collects methane emitted and sometimes transports it for fuel use.
Extra costs added to the disposal of waste that compensate for the usage of landfills or incinerators.
The act of deciding the location for a landfill, which generally must be somewhat far away from residential areas.
The act of burning MSW as a means of disposal, and can also be used for energy generation.
Toxic ash from incineration that settles below the incinerator.
Toxic ash from incineration that is airborne, and is captured through air cleansing technologies.
A method of incineration in which the heat from combustion is used to heat steam, either for heat energy or electricity.
Waste of any form that is inherently dangerous to the health of people.
Resource-Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
A law that requires cradle-to-grave tracking for hazardous waste, enforces proper disposal, and increases punishment for violation.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA/Superfund)
A law that sets the standards for areas that qualify as contaminated by hazardous waste. It also sets the guidelines for how said site should be treated.
A Superfund site in New York that had a school built on top of it, and gained national focus when that was discovered.
National Priorities List (NPL)
The list of Superfund sites that are eligible for federal funding for cleanup.
An area that is contaminated by hazardous waste, but not to the point where it qualifies for Superfund money.
A method of looking at waste by considering all of the inputs and outputs throughout its production, usage, and disposal.
integrated waste management
A method that combines the three R's and composting to minimize the amount of MSW entering the waste.
A method of cleaning contaminated soil through the use of microbial action to consume the waste.
A location that in which MSW is piled up above ground-level, without any sanitary precautions.
materials recovery facility
A site in which recyclable materials are sorted out, mostly from e-waste, to be able to keep them out of the waste stream.
A method of cleaning contaminated soil and groundwater by planting trees to absorb the contaminants.
"Not in my back yard"
A method of forced malfunctioning of consumer products, making people required to buy new products after a certain amount of years.