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chapter 28 the female reproductive system 65 set
Terms in this set (50)
the internal female genitalia include the
this figured shows the female resproductive system. what does "3" represent?
this figure shows the structure of the ovary. what does "4" represent?
this figure shows the structure of the female reproductive trace. what does "3" represent?
this figure shows the female perineum. what does "1" represent?
the ____ arteries rhythmically constrict and dilate causing the uterine mucosa to blanch and flush with blood.
stratified squamous epithelium; resist abrasion
after puberty, the vaginal lining becomes ____ to ____
the ____ is the site of attachment of the embryo.
greater vestibular (Bartholin) glands
most of the natural lubrication during female sexual excitement is provided by the
myometrum; bundles of smooth muscle
the nonpregnant uterine wall consists mostly of ____, which is composed of ____
which of these is not found in the vestibule?
corpora cavernosa; vestibular bulbs
____ are found in both male and female external genitalia, but the ____ is/are only found in the female.
mammary glands develop within the breasts primarily
the amount of adipose tissue
breast size is determined by
cortex of the ovary
follicles are located in the
the onset of breast development
the earliest sign of puberty in girls is
____ are feminizing hormones
____ act/s primarily in the uterus
the appearance of pubic and axillary hair is stage specifically called
the midlife change in estrogen and progesterone is called ____, whereas the cessation of mestruation is called ____
vasodilation of cutanous arteries
during climateric, sudden ____ may cause hot flashes.
the cyclic changes in the uterus determined by shifting hormonal changes
the term menstrual cycle specifically refers to
a secondary oocyte
the ovulated egg is
the ovulated egg is at
the ovum finalizes meiosis
most ovulation home test kits measure ____ surge, which happens about 24 hours before ovulation.
corpus luteum; estrogen and progesterone
after expelling the oocyte, the follicle becomes the ____ and secretes ____.
an oocyte enclosed in follicular or granulosa cells
a follicle is
a second polar body
which of these does NOT leave a follicle when it ovulates?
during embryonic development
in the adult ovary, more than 90% of the follicles are found as
during the follicular phase, granulosa cells secrete ____, which stimulate secretion of ____.
which of these blood hormone levels reaches its maximum during the luteal phase?
estradiol and progesterone; FSH and LH
____ inhibit/s the secretion of ____ during the female sexual cycle
the theca interna
Lutein cells develop from
premenstrual; days 27 to 28
the ____ phase is the one associated with menstrual cramps and typically occurs ____ of the cycle
several follicles are developing antrums
during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle
the ____ sometimes expel/s copious fluid similar to prostatic fluid, which constitutes the female ejaculate.
during the plateau phase, the glans and clitoris swell as the ____ arteries dilate and the corpus or corpora ____ engorge with blood.
during ____, the uterus is tented (erected) and the cervix is withdrawn from the vagina. Typically, the clitoris is engorged and the labia are bright red and violet due to hyperemia.
human chorionic gonadotropin
in early pregnancy, ____ stimulated growth of the corpus luteum.
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); blastocyst and placenta
the basis of pregnancy test kits is the presence of _____, which is secreted by the.
negative; estrogens and progesterone
the basis for contraceptive pills that they mimic the ____ feedback effort of ____.
blastocyst; embryo; fetus
the developing individual is called a(n) ____ during most of the first 2 weeks, a(n) ____ from 2 through 8 weeks, and a(n) ____ from the beginning of week 9 until birth.
the most abundant estrogen of pregnancy is ____, but one that accounts for most of the estrogenic effects in pregnancy is ____.
the ____ provides fetal nutrition and secrets hormones that regulate pregnancy and fetal development.
the dilation (first) stage
which is the longest stage of labor?
nipple and areola; oxytocin
milk ejection, stimulation of nerve endings in the _____ leads to the release of ____ from the pituitary.
cow's milk has too much protein and minerals in it
why is breast milk superior to cow milk for an infant?
the infant's only source of nutrition during the first 2-3 days postpartum is ?
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