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the relative concentration of solutes in each compartment
osmosis from one fluid compartment to another is determined by
ADH; increasing water reabsorption
dehydration results in increased blood and ECF osmolarity. this makes osmoreceptors stimulate ____ secretion by the hypothalamus ___ in the DCT and CD
____ is the most significant solute in determining the distribution of water among fluid compartments
women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstral cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
form crystals with calcium in the presence of calsequestrin
the inorganic phosphates (Pi) of the body fluids do/are not
CO2 + H2O --> H2CO3 --> HCO3- + H+
____ represents the complete chemical equation for the bicarbonate buffer system
bicarbonate, phosphate, and protein
the major chemical buffers system of the body are the ___ systems
when the renal tubules secrete hydrogen ions into the tubular fluid, they ___ at the same time
expels CO2 produced by the buffer system
the bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body is not for the action of the respiratory system, which
proteins can buffer a drop of pH by their ____ side groups and can buffer an increase in pH by their ____ side groups
they are consumed by neutralizing H+
in a person with normal acid-base balance, there are no bicarbonate ions in urine because
in acidosis, the membrane potential of nerve cells is ___, which ____ the central nervous system
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