Roman History

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Lucretia
The rape of ___________ led to the revolt that overthrew the last king of Rome.
Brutus
First two consuls of the Roman Republic: _____________ and Collatinus
Horatius
Saved the city by protecting the bridge, then jumped into the Tiber; put safety of Rome before himself
Mucius Scaevola
Attempted to assassinate the Etruscan king Porsenna, was captured, and thrust his own right hand into flame/coals
Cloelia
Woman who refused to be held hostage and escaped an Etruscan camp back to Rome
Cincinnatus
Retired consul, farmer who was declared dictator during an emergency; he then returned to his plow when he won the war
wealthy
early Roman government structure, basically an oligarchy with balance of power favoring the __________________ land-owning aristocratic families
Senators
Elders rose to this office after they passed through the cursus honorum
Lictors
men who carried the fasces
Fasces
Bundle of twigs and ax used to symbolize power
SPQR
abbreviation for "Senate and Roman People"
Sabine Women
Women stolen to provide wives for first Roman men
Pompilius
Second king, brought laws and religious rituals to Rome: Numa ___________________________
Hostilius
Third king - known for being warlike: Tullus _____________
Horatii
The triplets who fought for Rome during a battle against Alba Longa
Curiatii
The triplets who fought for Alba Longe during the battle against Rome.
Martius
Fourth King - elected by an assembly of a the people: Ancus ____________________
Priscus
Fifth king -first Etruscan king: Tarquinius _____________________
Tullius
Sixth king who built a good deal of the infrastructure of Rome, including the "Servian wall": Servius ________________
Tullia
Daughter of a king killed arranged for her father's assassination and then ran over his body with her chariot
Superbus
Last king - dictatorial ruler. He was overthrown when his son raped the wife of a cousin: Tarquinius __________________
Romulus and Remus
Twins left floating in the Tiber to die, so that they would not challenge their evil (great) uncle to become king(s)
Mars
Father of Romulus and Remus
Silvia
Mother of Romulus and Remus: Rhea ________________
Alba Longa
City founded by Ascanius
Amulius
The (great) uncle of Romulus and Remus who tried to kill them.
Numitor
Grandfather of Romulus and Remus
She-wolf
Found and saved Romulus and Remus
Faustulus
Shepherd who raised Romulus and Remus
founded
Site where Romulus and Remus were saved as infants later became the place where Rome was ________________.
Remus
Fratricide: Romulus kills _____________________
Romulus
First king of Rome
Julius Caesar
Dictator Perpetuus: after this general was named dictator for life, he was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44BC. His cognomen was adopted by all subsequent emperors.
Augustus Caesar
First emperor: nephew of of Julius Caesar, who was named "Princeps" after he defeated Antony and Cleopatra.
Tiberius
Second emperor: stepson and adopted son of Augustus Caesar. Good administrator, but lost respect after he began to live extravagantly in his later years.
Caligula
Third emperor: great-grandson of Augustus. Reckless emperor who was murdered by his own guards.
Claudius
Fourth emperor: reluctant emperor, suffered from physical ailments, was put in place after Caligula was killed, basically a good emperor until he was murdered by his wife.
Nero
Fifth emperor: stepson of Claudius, put in the throne by his mother. He was popular until his behavior became licentious. Committed suicide. Last Julio-Claudian Emperor.
Vespasian
Ninth emperor: Came to Rome with his legions to end the year of the four emperors. Restored stability to the empire and ruled free from vice. Famous for conquest of Judea.
Titus
Tenth emperor: elder son of Vespasian. Famous for the destruction of Judea and sacking Jerusalem. Used proceeds from selling the treasures of the Temple to build the Colosseum.
Trajan
Thirteenth emperor: first emperor to be born outside of Italy; restored free speech and other public institutions; a column (spiral) was created which depicted his victory over the Dacians
Hadrian
Fourteenth emperor: famous for building a Great Wall across the boundary of then Britain and Scotland. Cancelled taxes. Adopted son of Trajan and adopted Antoninus Pius as his son.
Antoninus Pius
Fifteenth emperor: was the adopted son of Hadrian known for his goodness. He built schools and other public works; encouraged trade. Adopted two sons - Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.
Marcus Aurelius
Sixteenth Emperor: the philosopher emperor. Regretted his bad treatment of Christians. Was forced to fight many wars in the Middle East. Co-emperor with Lucius Verus.
Commodus
Eighteenth Emperor: son of Marcus Aurelius who was a brutal emperor. He lived and fought with his gladiators. Was assassinated by his mistress.
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