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Terms in this set (45)
The rape of ___________ led to the revolt that overthrew the last king of Rome.
First two consuls of the Roman Republic: _____________ and Collatinus
Saved the city by protecting the bridge, then jumped into the Tiber; put safety of Rome before himself
Attempted to assassinate the Etruscan king Porsenna, was captured, and thrust his own right hand into flame/coals
Woman who refused to be held hostage and escaped an Etruscan camp back to Rome
Retired consul, farmer who was declared dictator during an emergency; he then returned to his plow when he won the war
early Roman government structure, basically an oligarchy with balance of power favoring the __________________ land-owning aristocratic families
Elders rose to this office after they passed through the cursus honorum
men who carried the fasces
Bundle of twigs and ax used to symbolize power
abbreviation for "Senate and Roman People"
Women stolen to provide wives for first Roman men
Second king, brought laws and religious rituals to Rome: Numa ___________________________
Third king - known for being warlike: Tullus _____________
The triplets who fought for Rome during a battle against Alba Longa
The triplets who fought for Alba Longe during the battle against Rome.
Fourth King - elected by an assembly of a the people: Ancus ____________________
Fifth king -first Etruscan king: Tarquinius _____________________
Sixth king who built a good deal of the infrastructure of Rome, including the "Servian wall": Servius ________________
Daughter of a king killed arranged for her father's assassination and then ran over his body with her chariot
Last king - dictatorial ruler. He was overthrown when his son raped the wife of a cousin: Tarquinius __________________
Romulus and Remus
Twins left floating in the Tiber to die, so that they would not challenge their evil (great) uncle to become king(s)
Father of Romulus and Remus
Mother of Romulus and Remus: Rhea ________________
City founded by Ascanius
The (great) uncle of Romulus and Remus who tried to kill them.
Grandfather of Romulus and Remus
Found and saved Romulus and Remus
Shepherd who raised Romulus and Remus
Site where Romulus and Remus were saved as infants later became the place where Rome was ________________.
Fratricide: Romulus kills _____________________
First king of Rome
Dictator Perpetuus: after this general was named dictator for life, he was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44BC. His cognomen was adopted by all subsequent emperors.
First emperor: nephew of of Julius Caesar, who was named "Princeps" after he defeated Antony and Cleopatra.
Second emperor: stepson and adopted son of Augustus Caesar. Good administrator, but lost respect after he began to live extravagantly in his later years.
Third emperor: great-grandson of Augustus. Reckless emperor who was murdered by his own guards.
Fourth emperor: reluctant emperor, suffered from physical ailments, was put in place after Caligula was killed, basically a good emperor until he was murdered by his wife.
Fifth emperor: stepson of Claudius, put in the throne by his mother. He was popular until his behavior became licentious. Committed suicide. Last Julio-Claudian Emperor.
Ninth emperor: Came to Rome with his legions to end the year of the four emperors. Restored stability to the empire and ruled free from vice. Famous for conquest of Judea.
Tenth emperor: elder son of Vespasian. Famous for the destruction of Judea and sacking Jerusalem. Used proceeds from selling the treasures of the Temple to build the Colosseum.
Thirteenth emperor: first emperor to be born outside of Italy; restored free speech and other public institutions; a column (spiral) was created which depicted his victory over the Dacians
Fourteenth emperor: famous for building a Great Wall across the boundary of then Britain and Scotland. Cancelled taxes. Adopted son of Trajan and adopted Antoninus Pius as his son.
Fifteenth emperor: was the adopted son of Hadrian known for his goodness. He built schools and other public works; encouraged trade. Adopted two sons - Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.
Sixteenth Emperor: the philosopher emperor. Regretted his bad treatment of Christians. Was forced to fight many wars in the Middle East. Co-emperor with Lucius Verus.
Eighteenth Emperor: son of Marcus Aurelius who was a brutal emperor. He lived and fought with his gladiators. Was assassinated by his mistress.
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