Old Testament Lyons Simpson Midterm
OT midterm study guide
Terms in this set (37)
This is the name given to the Greek translation of Hebrew Scriptures which were produced in the 3rd to 1st centuries B.C.
Old Testament books recognized by the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, but not by Protestants.
Dead Sea Scrolls
1.Showed there was a wide variety of opinions in Judaism back then. Diversity.
2. Oldest manuscripts of Biblical text. Shows how precisely scripture was copied.
Led Israelites out of Egypt and gave them laws from God
First king of Israel, anointed by Samuel.
The younger of Isaac and Rebekah's twin sons, he tricked his brother into giving him his inheritance and his father into giving him the firstborn's blessing, thus becoming his heir. Through him God renewed the covenant with Abraham's descendants.
Sold as a slave by his brothers
Leah & Rachel
Wives of Jacob, Sisters.
(Old Testament) Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land
"The woman whom you gave to be with me-she gave me fruit from the tree and I ate!"
"Am I my brother's keeper?"
"They gave me gold, I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf!"
The people saved the best sheep for the lord, but the rest we have destroyed"
gods first promise to abraham
exodus 20 (& Deut 5)
day of atonement
Legal Agreement between two parties.
1) Preamble 2) Historical Prologue 3) Stipulations 4) Deposit & public reading 5) witnesses to the treaty 6)Blessings and Curses
1. the manuscript differences do not affect essentials of belief or practice. 2. We have lots of manuscript evidence 3. we can use textual criticism to weed out errors. 4. when scribes make changes they are trying to help the reader.
Pentateuch as a Covenant
Exod. 24, Lev. 26, Deut. 29
"I will be your God and you will be My people"
It was Promisory; God has obligations, not the people.
Israel on Mt. Sinai covenant
Both God and Israel had obligations (Suzerain-Vassal Treaty)
Religious significance of circumcision
A sign of the covenant with Abraham
Religious significance of Sabbath
A sign of the covenant with Israel, and a reminder that God released Israel from slavery.
Natural and more or less unavoidable. It is the natural condition of humans, not true of God. Not moral impurity.
Characteristics of Ritual Impurity
Transmitted by touch.
Not a sin.
Condition of humans.
Causes of Ritual Impurity
childbirth, skin disease, body fluids associated with sex, contact with dead animals or humans.
How to remove Ritual Impurity
wait a short amount of time; sacrifices; wash
Laws set Israel apart from other peoples, creates a clean vs. unclean system. They are NOT abou dirt, disease or germs.
God's personal name - Yhwh
the Hebrew name for the underworld
(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
The priestly class of Israel, members of the tribe of Levi
scripture study that looks to the various early manuscripts of the biblical texts
4 images of human sin
Removal of Sin. Sin goat
Cleansing. Blood sprinkling.
Ransom, of money. (Census is dangerous, pay a ransom)
Substitution of sin, Moses offers himself for the people/or Animal sacrifice.