20 terms

DNA structure

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What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base, and a phosphate group.
Deoxyribose sugar
sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone"
Complementary Base to Adenine
Thymine
Complementary Base to Cytosine
Guanine
Double Helix
shape of the DNA molecule
Nucleotide
Identify
The complimentary DNA strand of the following is:
ATT TAA ACC GAG
TAA ATT TGG CAC
Franklin and Wilkins
Used X-ray crystallography to develop images of DNA
Watson and Crick
Developed an accurate model of DNA
Amino Acids
Monomer of proteins
Gene
A section of DNA that codes for a trait
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Chargaff's Rule
A bonds with T, G bonds with C
DNA Back Bone
Made from Phosphate and Deoxiribose
Frederick Griffith
Experiment with mouse and pneumonia showed the DNA was the transforming agent
Hershey-Chase
Experiment showed that DNA was transferred when phages infected bacteria
Purines
Two ringed nitrogen base; adenine and guanine
Pyrimidines
Single ringed nitrogen base, cytosine and thymine
Antiparallel
Describes how each side of the DNA molecule is arranged