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25 terms

Totalitarianism

Mussolini, Hitler, and Stalin
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Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Weimar Republic
born out of the German defeat in WWI. Charged with stabbing the German nation in the back for signing the Treaty of Versailles.
inflation
an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy
fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Benito Mussolini
Known as "Il Duce" -- the Leader -- Mussolini was the Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II.
March on Rome
A strike "led" by Mussolini (who was no where to be found during this March) in which 30,000 or so Blackshirts marched to Rome and Mussolini was legally put into power
Blackshirts
gangs of fascist thugs who followed Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
started the Holocaust, leader of the Nazi Party, dictator of Germany
Anti-Semitism
hatred of Jews
Communism
economic and political system in which the government takes control of all businesses and property and distributes it equally among the people
appeasement
giving in to the aggressor in order to maintain peace, telling them what they want to hear, letting them get away with it to avoid war
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
purge
"cleansing" or "purifying" of any suspicious people that Stalin felt was a threat to him and his country.
gulag
a Russian prison camp for political prisoners
collectives
large farms owned & operated by peasants as a group, but the governent provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed needed
kulaks
wealthy peasants who owned their own farm
Russification
the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian empire
atheism
the belief that there is no god
Gestapo
Nazi secret police
Nuremberg Laws
restrictions on Jews; denied German citizenship and intermarrying with non-Jews
Kristallnacht
A German word for broken glass; an event that occurred on the nights on November 9 and 10 in which Hitler's Nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews, and nearly 100 Jews died.
Lebensraum
living space - Hitler's idea that Germany needed to expand.
Final Solution
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Mein Kampf
Hitler's book that he wrote in prison that means "My Struggle"
Social Realism
Its goal was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light