Upgrade to remove ads
Tragedy of the Commons
Terms in this set (37)
Who wrote Tragedy of the Commons?
What are the authors thoughts on the relationship between technology and population growth?
Technology cannot fix population growth.
How does the author propose fixing the population growth problem?
A fundamental extension in morality
What are Wiesner and York's professional opinions on the nuclear dilemma's?
There is no technological solution and searching for one with worsen the situation
What is the nuclear arms dilemma?
Increasing military power steadily decreases national security.
What is a technical solution?
One that requires a change in only the techniques of the natural sciences, demanding little or nothing in the way of changing in human values or ideas or morality.
How are technological solutions received now?
They are always welcomed?
How does Hardin propose we treat the Earth and its resources?
We treat the Earth as a finite resource, and assume that the world is available to the terrestrial human population is finite. Space is no escape. Population growth must eventual equal 0
Can Betham's goal for the greatest good for the greatest number be realized?
- You cannot maximize for more than two variables at once
- To live you need a source of energy, which comes from calories. These calories go to maintenance and work. To maximize life, you minimize work calories, which minimizes good
Acquisition of energy, dissipation of energy, defining good,
What makes the problem of intellectual problem of in commensurable goods difficult?
Synergestic effects, nonlinear variation, difficulties in discounting the future.
How must man assign value to incommensurate goods?
We must imitate this process; work out an acceptable theory of weighting whether or not it is better to be small and hide-able or large and powerful
Has anyone figured out how to weight the value of incommensurate goods?
Nope, probs nah
Is a positive growth rate, associated with the optimum?
It optimizes the number or people, but not the quality of life.
How does Hardin suggest optimizing the population size?
Following Adam Smiths advice and practices in the field of practical demography.
What is the Wealth of the Nations?
book written by Adam Smith
When was the wealth of the Nations published?
What is the invisible hand?
individuals are lead by an invisible hand that leads them to promote their own gain which is also the public gain
Who was William Forster Lloyd?
A little known mathematical amateur
When was the tragedy of the commons written?
When was William Forster Lloyd alive?
1794 to 1852
What is the day of reckoning for the tragedy of the commons?
When social stability becomes a reality; each user of the communal space seeks to maximize for personal gain.
What are the positive and negative components of maximization?
Positive: the +1 for the individual in terms of an added animal
Negative: -1 in terms of a sale divided between everyone who used the space`
What is the tragedy in the tragedy of the commons.
If each person follows the rational, then the interest of the society is ignored.
How can you attempt to mitigate the tragedy of the commons?
Real life Examples of the Tragedy of the Commons:
Overgrazing in the west leads to: erosion and weed dominance, loss of biodiversity in oceans due to overfishing and whaling
How is pollution a tragedy of the commons problem?
Adding sewage, chemical, radioactive, and heat waste into our water; noxious and dangerous fumes into our air; and noise and light into our line our sight and ears
How has the tragedy related to pollution gotten progressively worse with time?
As populations have become denser, the natural chemical and biological recycling processes became overloaded
With moral considerations, how do you govern?
Invent correct feedbacks that keep custodians honest
What is an important principle about morality to consider?
the morality of an act is a function of the state of the system at the time it is preformed.
What force does natural selection favor?
The force of psychological denial
Under what circumstances would their be no public interest in controlling the breeding of families?
If each family were dependent only on its own resources
What is the freedom to breed?
In a welfare state, there is the belief that everyone has an equal right to the commons, and everyone can breed freely
When were the Universal Declaration of Human Rights created?
How does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights define a family?
As the natural and the fundamental unit of society
What was Darwin's argument about the generational growth of in populations?
Those who have more children, will produce a greater fraction of the next generation. They will pass down their views, they could elimination a conscience from the race.
What is the long term disadvantage to a moral appeal?
to condemn it
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The tragedy of the commons
Malthus: Essay on Population
BIOL 1863 Ecology
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Air Pollution Meteorology, Exam 2
Sustainable Infrastructure Exam 2
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
1/30 viral genetics