APES Chapter 17
Terms in this set (44)
A biological ailment that can be spread from one organism to another and has specific symptoms.
A disease that slowly impairs the health of its host.
A disease that rapidly impairs the health of its host.
An outbreak of a disease in a very short period of time.
An epidemic that covers a very large, and generally international area.
A disease known as the Black Death, caused by Yersinia pestis, and killed millions in Europe throughout the Middle Ages.
A mosquito-borne disease that primarily ails young children in sub-Saharan Africa and is caused by Plasmodium protists.
An airborne disease that is caused by a bacteria of the Mycobacterium genus, and kills millions of people annually.
A viral disease that is spread through unprotected sexual contact and the sharing of unsterilized needles, that damages the immune system.
ebola hemorrhagic fever
A highly contagious and fatal disease that kills its victims in up to two weeks. The first major epidemic of it was in West Africa in 2014.
mad cow disease
A bovine disease that leads to a loss of bodily control and was caused from the forced cannibalism of cows.
A neural protein in cows that is the cause of mad cow disease.
An avian flu caused by the H1N1 virus and has the potential to kill hundreds of millions of people.
West Nile virus
A mosquito-borne disease that causes neural swelling and paralysis. It can infect a wide variety of species.
emergent infectious disease
A disease that only became pertinent within the last few decades, and has a profound and dangerous impact.
The scientific study of the health impacts of chemicals.
A type of chemical that damages the nervous systems of animals.
A type of chemical that causes cancer.
A type of chemical that can cause birth defects in fetuses and developing embryos.
A type of chemical that reacts with some people negatively.
A type of chemical that affects and alters normal hormonal reactions.
A chemical that alters the genetic code within a cell, that can sometimes be carcinogenic.
Tests in which animals are exposed to different amounts of a chemical, to determine the amount that is lethal.
The S-shaped arc that shows the mortality per dose of a substance.
The amount of a substance that will kill 50% of a population.
The amount of a substance that will have some non-life-threatening effect on 50% of a population.
An impact of a chemical that does not kill members of the population, but will alter their health.
Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976
A law that allows for the EPA to make rules about the presence of certain chemicals in many products.
A dose-response study that lasts for many months, generally for the whole life of the subjects.
The study of diseases and their causes.
Epidemiological studies of people who have had exposure to dangerous chemicals.
Long term epidemiological studies of people who may come in contact with dangerous chemicals in the future.
The issue caused from multiple sources both adding to the severity and magnitude of diseases.
routes of exposure
The different paths that chemicals can take to impact humans.
The ability for a chemical to be dissolved in a liquid substance.
The issue with persistent chemicals in which, as they head up trophic levels, the concentration in individuals increases.
The quality of a chemical to stay in an ecosystem.
The method of combining qualitative and quantitative factors in determine the danger associated with hazards.
The act of prioritizing what hazards are tolerable, and which are not.
The act of creating policies to deal with hazards after assessing the situation.
The idea that chemicals should be used until there is conclusive evidence saying that they pose a hazard.
The idea that chemicals should be thoroughly tested prior to being introduced, to minimize risks.
A meeting of 127 countries in which 12 very dangerous chemicals were agreed on to be minimized and banned.
The highest concentration of a chemical in which there is no no noticeable impact on an organism.
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