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The Gilded Age
Review important people and terms for time Period 6 1865-1898
Terms in this set (47)
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
An influential banker and businessman who bought and reorganized companies. His US Steel company would buy Carnegie steel and become the largest business in the world in 1901
John D. Rockefeller
Wealthy owner of Standard Oil Company. Considered to be a robber baron who used ruthless tactics to eliminate other businesses. Built trusts and used money to influence government.
Ida B. Wells
African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride streetcards or shop in white owned stores
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
W.E.B. Du Bois
An American civil rights activist. He became the head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1910, becoming founder and editor of the NAACP's journal The Crisis.
Williams Jennings Bryan
Three-time candidate for president for the Democratic Party, nominated because of support from the Populist Party. He never won, but was the most important Populist in American history.
a showy display of wealth for social prestige
Business Trust (holding companies)
Companies that hold a majority of another company's stock in order to control the management of that company. Can be used to establish a monopoly.
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
A party made up of farmers and laborers that wanted direct election of senators and an 8hr working day
The idea that people and societies compete for survival with the fit becoming wealthy and successful while the weak struggle to survive
A device for rapid, long-distance transmission of information over an electric wire. It was introduced in England and North America in the 1830s and 1840s
1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor
A movement in the late 1800s/early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation.
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate
Interstate Commerce Act
(1887) monitors the business operation of carriers transporting goods and people between states - created to regulate railroad prices
Plessy v Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
a welfare agency for needy families, combated juvenile delinquency, and assisted recent immigrants in learning the English language and in becoming citizens
A building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety
Jim Crow Laws
Laws that separated people of different races in public places in the south
Black educational institution founded by Booker T. Washington to provide training in agriculture and crafts
well organized political organization that controls election results by awarding jobs and other favors in exchange for votes
Refers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages and exploiting natural resources
captains of industry
A name given company owners such as Carnegie and Rockefeller by people who believed they steered the economy into prosperity
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west
Type of monopoly where a company buys out all of its competition. Ex. Rockefeller
When a business purchases and owns all businesses in its industry related with the process of its own products. Ex: McDonald's buys its own potato farms and cattle ranches, it's own butchers, it's own processors and packaging, and employs/manages all facets of those businesses within McDonald's corporation.
Financial support from the government
Adopting the traits of another culture. Often happens over time when one immigrates into a new country.
Economic system reliant on a large number of people purchasing a large quantity of goods
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
(1890) First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
(1862) it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee.
Immigrants who came to the United States during and after the 1880s; most were from southern and eastern Europe.
immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandenavia, or Northern Europe
(1883) reform measure that established the principle of federal employment on the basis of open, competitive exams and created the Civil Service Commission
favoring native inhabitants over immigrants
First African-American to be elected to the Tennessee General Assembly. Elected during the early days of Reconstruction.
Former slave from Haywood County who served 3 terms in the Tennessee General Assembly during the 1880s.
Time period after the Civil War characterized by Republican control of the Federal Government, military occupation of the South, and greater civil rights for newly-freed slaves.
Gilded Age cartoonist whose campaign against the corruption in New York City was partially responsible for the exposure and prosecution of Boss Tweed's political machine.
Swift and Armour
Revolutionized the meatpacking industry by introducing refrigerated rail cars.
Leader of the political machine in New York City from ~1865 until 1871. Imprisoned on multiple counts of forgery, graft, and larceny.
Scandals during the Grant Administration
Black Friday. The Whiskey Ring. Credit Mobilier.
Group of African Americans, led by Pap Singleton, who left the South in 1878 and traveled to Kansas and Nebraska in search of homesteads and a new life.
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