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body contact.

Studies of monkeys raised with artificial mothers suggest that mother-infant emotional bonds result primarily from mothers providing infants with

Piaget's cognitive development theory

The egocentrism of preschoolers was most strongly emphasized by


The speed of neurotransmission in the frontal lobe increases during adolescence due to the growth of


Adjusting current schemas to make sense of new information is called

concrete operational

According to Piaget, children acquire the mental operations needed to comprehend such things as mathematical transformations and conservation during the ________ stage.


From 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception, the human organism is known as a(n)


Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas is called

neural networks.

The association areas are the last cortical areas to fully develop their


The powerful survival impulse that leads infants to seek closeness to their caregivers is called

responsive parenting

Which of the following factors contributes most positively to the development of secure attachment between human infants and their mothers?


Levels of self-esteem in children are highest among children with ________ parents.


Putting babies to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of crib death has been associated with a slight delay in children's

insecure attachment.

Infants who are unable to predict how their parents will react to their cries for care and attention are especially likely to show signs of

basic trust.

Already at 15 months of age, Justin strongly senses that he can rely on his father to comfort and protect him. This most clearly contributes to


Piaget is to cognitive development as Kohlberg is to ________ development.

a heroin addict.

Sierra, a 28-year-old heroin addict, is pregnant. Her baby will be born

insecure attachment.

At 12 months of age, Jeremy shows no more desire to be held by his own parents than by complete strangers. His behavior best illustrates

root for

When Joan touched her infant's cheek, he turned his head toward the side that was touched and opened his mouth. Joan was eliciting the reflex to ________ a nipple.


The process by which certain birds form attachments during a critical period very early in life is called


A fertilized egg is called a(n)


Piaget is best known for his interest in the process of ________ development.

theory of mind.

Children's ability to infer other people's intentions and feelings is indicative of their emerging


The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth is known as a(n)

formal operational

According to Piaget, people are first able to reason abstractly and think hypothetically during the ________ stage.


Harmful chemicals or viruses that can be transferred from a mother to her developing fetus are called


Adolescents and their parents are most likely to have disagreements regarding


A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information is called a(n)

developmental psychology.

The branch of psychology that systematically focuses on the physical, cognitive, and social changes that occur throughout the life cycle is called

secure attachment.

A mother who consistently responds supportively to her infant's cries for care and protection is most likely to encourage

object permanence.

The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived is known as

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