Peds Chapter 22-24 SG
Terms in this set (42)
What comes first according to Maslow's related to child development?
-homeless comes first
-safety, food, water, shelter
What should be considered when treating a child of divorce?
-ask who the custodial parent is
-find out prior to tx and allowing visitors
What is the primary reason we plot development?
comparison of the child current measurements vs. previous measurements
Perfect nutrition does not always indicate what?
the child will never be ill
When in doubt about environment and who is who what should you ask?
"who all lives in your home?"
Latency stage is from years __ to __? (Frued: Psychosexual)
What skills are they missing?
-6 to 10 years
-Missing sense of time
What concept did Erikson build his psychosocial development theory on?
-based on learning to trust
Erikson's theory Autonomy vs Doubt&Shame years?
-1 to 3
-"I do it myself"
What does Erikson say about child genital exploration during the Initiative vs. guilt phase?
A parents reaction to genital exploration will set the tone for lifelong attitude toward body and sexuality.
(If parent reacts in a way as shocked and disturbed, will effect child's reaction to sexuality)
Industry vs. Inferiority ages?
-6 to 12
-Child competes with others and enjoy accomplishing tasks.
-Include child in education and medical decisions, encourage to ask questions express feelings
Concrete operations phase years?
-7 to 11 years
-Child learns to problem solve in a systemic way
Who should focus the interviews and visits on?
-Make sure to show interest and develop a rapport
Adolescents respond positively to what?
Individuals who show a genuine interest in them
Ht & wt of a 6 month old baby?
-ht: increase about 6 inches
Ht & wt of a 1 year old?
-ht: 10-12 inches
-wt: tripled birth weight
At what age should lower incisors erupt?
What game can help a child figure out that if the caregiver is in the other room, they arent gone?
-cannot apply abstract reasoning
-"If i cannot see you, you must be gone!"
-Play peek a boo game
What supplement might a breastfed child require?
Iron & Vitamin D
How do most infants prefer their food?
Smooth, thin, lukewarm, bland
What is the recommended method of weaning an infant?
-Must be attempted gradually without fuss or strain
What warnings should you give parents against poor bottle feedings techniques ?
Never give bottle in bed; can lead to bottle mouth/bottle caries
Bottle feeding laying down can lead to what?
What foods can be supplemented if a baby resists milk from a cup?
-Calcium & Vitamin D
-yogurt, custard, cottage cheese
What are the common side effects of immunizations?
-Low grade fever within 24-48 hrs
-Site tenderness, redness, swelling
How often should a baby's diaper be changed?
How do you dress an infant?
Same amount that an adult feels comfortable
What is the recommended practice of putting a child to bed?
-Place awake child in bed to fall asleep
-sleep disturbances may be learned behavior (room & crib are for sleep)
When providing aniticipatory guidance and information it should include what?
-Childproofing; car safety
-Prevention of: aspiration, falls, burns, poisoning, bathing accidents
What is the normal activity of a 12 week old?
What age does the pincher grab usually develop?
8 months- 32 weeks
How much formula should a 4 month old have in 24 hours?
-24 to 32 oz.
How much does a toddler gain in each year?
-5 to 10 lbs
-3 in each year
What is the recommended way to deal with a temper tantrum?
-Natural results of desire to be independent
- Remain calm
-Do not give in
-Must learn people cannot be controlled like this
What does typical toddler play look like?
-Moves from solitary to parallel play
-Much of playtime is imitation of role models
How should you discipline time out?
One minute per year
(3 years=3 minutes)
How do you feed a toddler?
-Meals with nutritious snacks in between
-1 to 2 tsp of each food item at each meal, NOT a whole plate
What is the well child checkup schedule for a toddler?
-annually after that
When is a child physically ready to potty train?
-Level of maturation needed
-Achieved after 18-24 months
Know accident prevention method for households with infants & children.
-Car seats go in BACK seats
-No pillows in the crib
-Crib rails should be at NO MORE than 2 3/8 inches apart
What is the most common reason for hospitalization for children ages 1-4?
Ingestion of toxic substances
What is anticipatory guidance?
refers to providing education to parents about what to expect, or anticipate, over the next few months or years with your child