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SOCY 101 exam 3
Terms in this set (32)
people who have low or no sexual desire.
a sexual identity organized around attraction to both women and men.
a way of thinking and seeing the world that rests on the empirical observation that men and women are not equal in our society, and the moral stand that gender inequality is wrong and should change
feminization of poverty
a worldwide phenomenon that also afflicts U.S. women, this term claims that women are over-represented among the world's poor and tend to be in worse economic straits than men in any given nation or population.
a socially constructed definition based on sex category, based on the meanings that societies attach to the fact of sex differences.
our understanding of ourselves as male or female and what it means to be male or female, perhaps the most fundamental way in which we develop an identity.
gender inequality has two dimensions: the domination of men over women, and the domination of some men over other men, and some women over other women.
psychology-based term to define the bundle of traits, attitudes, and behaviors that are associated with biological males and females. Roles are blueprints that prescribe what you should do, think, want, and look like, so that you can successfully become a man or a woman.
the process by which males and females are taught the appropriate behaviors, attitudes, and traits for their biological sex. It begins at birth and continues throughout their lives.
gender wage gap
the significant and remarkably consistent gap between earnings of men and women. The gap between White men and women of color is larger than the gap between White men and White women.
sexual behavior between people of different sexes.
the belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (male and female) with natural roles in life. It assumes that heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation or only norm, and states that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of opposite sexes. Consequently, a "heteronormative" view is one that involves alignment of biological sex, sexuality, gender identity and gender roles.
a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships. It can include the presumption that other people are heterosexual or that opposite-sex attractions and relationships are the only norm and therefore superior.
dislike of or prejudice against homosexual people. Rooted in the medial term, indicating fear of homosexuals.
sexual desires or behavior with members of one's own sex.
Successfully (convincingly) presenting one's preferred gender expression. Maybe intentional or unintentional. Passing is a contentious term in transgender communities, and has different meanings for different people. For example, many trans people do not feel that they are presenting as anything but themselves, whereas "passing" seems to imply that they are fooling people or hiding something. In addition some trans people do not desire to "pass" as non-trans, but rather to be respected for their identity and expression, even though people know that their gender identity or expression is different from the one typically associated with their sex.
literally, "the rule of the fathers." It is a name given to the social order in which men hold power over women.
primary sex characteristics
those anatomical sex characteristics that are present at birth, like the sex organs themselves, which develop in the embryo.
An umbrella identity term taken by people who do not conform to heterosexual and/or gender binary norms; a reclaimed derogatory slur taken as a political term to unite people who are marginalized because of their non-conformity to dominant gender identities and/or heterosexuality.
term to describe how working women typically must work both outside the home for wages and inside the home doing domestic management and childcare.
secondary sex characteristics
those sex characteristics, such as breast development in girls and the lowering of voices and development of facial hair for boys, that occur at puberty.
a biological distinction; the chromosomal, chemical, and anatomical organization of males and females.
testosterone and estrogen, the hormones that trigger development of secondary sex characteristics, such as breast development in girls and the development of facial hair in boys.
a form of gender discrimination in the workplace that singles out women for differential treatment. There are two types: "quid pro quo," which occurs when a supervisor uses his (or her) position to elicit sexual activity from a subordinate; and the more common "hostile environment," which occurs when a person feels threatened or unsafe because of constant teasing or threatening by other workers.
an internalized identity that generally is organized by the sex of the person(s) to whom we are sexually attracted.
a set of ideas and practices that answer the basic questions about sex.
process through which, over the course of childhood and adolescence, and even through adulthood, our understanding of our culture's sexual scripts begin to cohere into a preference.
the identities we construct that are often based on our sexual conduct.
social construction of gender
we construct our gender identities all through our lives, using the cultural materials we find around us. Our gender identities are both voluntary— we choose to become who we are—and coerced—we are pressured, forced, and often physically threatened to conform to certain rules.
An umbrella term that may include transsexuals, cross dressers, drag queens, drag kings, butch lesbians, and any other people transgressing the socially constructed confines of gender. This is an identity that must be claimed as one's own; it should not be imposed upon people.
The fear, intolerance, or hatred of atypical gender expression or identity, or of people embodying or expressing an atypical gender identity.
Someone who wants to, intends to, or has begun to pursue some physical change to his/her/hir body, in an effort to align the physical body with one's gender identity, and identifies with this term. This is an identity that must be claimed as one's own; it should not be imposed upon people.
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