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Chapter 12 History
Terms in this set (31)
fur traders and trappers
the possession and settling of an area shared by two or more countries
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
a person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere
person who arranged for the settlement of land in Texas during the 1800s, they had cheap land as long as they obeyed mexican law and followed catholic religion
decide with authority
add a territory onto an existing state or country
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
was a United States Army general who captured Mexico city.
General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
John C. Fremont
an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery.
a merchant and adventurer, he was the first american to head for Sante fe. In 1821 he led a group of traders from Franklin Misourri across the plains
Huge properties owned by Mexicans/ similar to southern plantations
Where is the Oregon trail located.
Missouri to oregon country
What are four countries claimed parts to the oregon country.
Britain, Spain , United States, and Russia
Where did the Sante Fe begin and end.
Independence , Missouri / Missouri River to the Arkanas River.
What was the purpose of the California missions.
1. to convert the Indians to Christianity
2. Establish cultural & agricultural centers
3. populate Alta California for Spain
a community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population
Those who punish lawbreakers themselves instead of relying upon official legal authority
People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)
religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
The successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith. He was responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Utah, thereby populating the would-be state.
Immigrant from Germany who produced the first denim pants in San Francisco during the California Gold Rush.
Bear flag Republic
nickname for California after it declared independence from Mexico in 1846
Treaty which ended the Mexican War; Mexico recognized Texas as part of the U. S. and the Rio Grande as the border between the nations; Mexico also gave up the Mexican Cession; U.S. agreed to protect the 80,000 Mexicans living in Texas and the Mexican Cession
historical name for the region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War. this massive land grab was significant because the question of extending slavery into newly acquired territories had become the leading national political issue.
Strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico that was acquired by the U.S. in 1853 for $10 million.
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