48 terms

Greek, Etruscan & Roman Art

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Terms in this set (...)

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Geometric Krater. Athens, Greece. 740 BC
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Lady of Auxerre, Kore. 550-525 BC
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Kroisos from Anavysos. Greece. 530 BC. Marble
Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing dice. Detail of a Black-Figure Amphora. Vulci, Italy. 540-530 BC
Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing dice. Detail of a Black-Figure Amphora. Vulci, Italy. 540-530 BC
Dying Warrior. Temple of Aphaia, west pediment. Aegina, Greece. 490 BC
Dying Warrior. Temple of Aphaia, west pediment. Aegina, Greece. 490 BC
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Kritios Boy. From the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. 480 B.C. Marble
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Myron, Discus Thrower(Diskobolos). Roman marble cope of Greek Bronze original. 450 B.C
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Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Temple of Athena. Acropolis. Athens, Greece. 450 B.C
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Relief, Nike adjusting her Sandal. Temple of Athena. Acropolis. Athens, Greece. 410 BC
Praxiteles, Aphrodite and Knidos. Roman marble copy of Greek Bronze Original. 350-340 BC
Praxiteles, Aphrodite and Knidos. Roman marble copy of Greek Bronze Original. 350-340 BC
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Lysippos, Apoxyomenos(scraper). Roman marble copy of Greek Bronze Original. 330 BC
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Nike of Samothrace from Samothrace, Greece. 190 BC
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Apollo statue from a Temple Roof. Veii, Italy. 510-500 BC. Terracotta
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Etruscan Sarcophagus with reclining couple. Cerverti, Italy. 520 BC
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Capitoline Wolf or She-Wolf. Rome, Italy. Etruscan Bronze Statue. 500-480 BC
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Chimera of Arezzo from Arezzo, Italy. 1st half of the 4th century BC
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Temple of "Fortuna Virilis" from Rome, Italy.
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Atrium of the House of Vettii, Pompeii, Italy. 2nd Century BC
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Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace). Rome, Italy. 13-9 BC
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Pont-du-Gard, Nimes, France. 16 BC
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Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater). Rome, Italy. 70-80 AD
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Pantheon. Rome, Italy. 118-125 AD
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Battle sarcophagus (Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus). Rome. 250 AD
Krater
A large Greek vessel to mix water and wine
Amphora
A type of container of a characteristic shape and size
Greek for "maiden". An Archaic Greek statue of a clothed young woman
Greek for "maiden". An Archaic Greek statue of a clothed young woman
Kouros
Greek for "youth". An Archaic Greek statue of a standing nude young male
Pediment
A triangular space forming the gable of a two-pitched roof in classical architecture.
In a temple, the windowless room in the center that houses the statue of the diety
In a temple, the windowless room in the center that houses the statue of the diety
The"High City" often elevated on a hill in the center of the town. The space is dedicated to the gods
The"High City" often elevated on a hill in the center of the town. The space is dedicated to the gods
Frieze
A plain or decorated horizontal part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice.
Triglyphs
An ornament on a Doric Frieze, consisting of a projected block having on its face two parallel vertical glyphs or grooves and two half grooves or chamfers on either vertical end, that separated the metopes.
The space between two triglyphs of a Doric Frieze, usually decorated with painting or relief.
The space between two triglyphs of a Doric Frieze, usually decorated with painting or relief.
Facade
The face or front of a building
ionic apital
One of the three main orders of classical architecture, characterized by two main volutes in the capital.
Entasis
A slight convexity or swelling(cigar shaped!) in the shaft or column. intended to compensate for the illusion of concavity resulting from straight sides.
Contrapposto
The position of a figure in painting or sculpture in which the hips and legs are turned in a different direction from that of the shoulders an the head; the twisting of a figure on its own vertical axis. The weight of the figure rests on one leg, while the other one is relaxed
Sarcophagus
Literally "flesh-eater". A stone coffin in which a corpse is buried or cremated
Necropolis
The Greek word meaning "city of the dead" normally describes large and important burial areas that look like cities.
Chimera
According to Greek Mythology, a monsterous fir-breathing female creatur of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of three animals: a lion, serpent and goat. Usually depicted as a lion with the head of a goat arising from its back and a tail that ended in a snakes head.
Senate
In ancient Rome the governing and advisory council that was the most permanent element in the Roman constitution.
Patrician
A member of one of the noble families of the ancient Roman Republic , which had exclusive rights to the senate and magestries
Forum
Roman square preserved for vending of goods
Freestanding, open-air round or oval structure with central arena and tiers for concrete seats.
Freestanding, open-air round or oval structure with central arena and tiers for concrete seats.
Atrium
Open central court, from which the enclosed rooms led off, in a type of large ancient Roman house
Impluvium
A cistern or tank, set in the atrium to receive water from the roof.
Corinthian Capital
The most ornate of the three main orders of Classical Greek architecture. Characterized by a slender fluted column having an ornate bell-shaped capital decorate with acanthus leaves
An eye-like circular opening in the apex of dome
An eye-like circular opening in the apex of dome

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