US Constitution Part 2
Terms in this set (27)
Who makes up the Executive Branch?
What is the main job of the executive branch?
Enforce the laws
What is the term of office for the President and Vice President?
4 years each term and may serve a maximum of 2 terms
What are the qualifications for President
At least 35 years old
Must be a natural-born citizen of the US
Must have been a resident of the US for at least 14 years
List the next three people in the line of succession after the President?
1. Vice President
2. Speaker of the House
3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate
List the powers of the President.
Grant reprieves and pardons
Appoint cabinet members (approved by Senate)
Make treaties (approved by Senate)
Appoints justices (approved by Senate)
Commander in Chief
Calls special sessions of Congress
State of union Address
What is a Presidental veto?
the action a President takes to say no to a bill put before him.
How are the President and Vice President elected?
They are elected by an Electoral College.
How is the membership in the Electoral College determined?
The number of electors a state has is equal to the state's total members in the House of Representative and Senators
A __________ vote by the electoral college elects the President and Vice President>
How is the number of electors a state decided?
The number of a state's electors is the sum of its federal Senators and Representatives
What happens if a candidate for President does not receive enough votes for the electoral college to elect him/her?
The vote passes to House of Representatives.
When does a president's term of office end?
On January 20th of the year following the election of the new president (inauguration day)
List 7 of the 15 members of the Presidential Cabinet.
Secretary of State
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Homeland
Secretary of Education
Secretary of Treasury
What does Article 3 of the Constitution describe?
How many justices serve on the Supreme Court and how long are their terms?
9 Supreme Court Judges
What are the qualifications for a Supreme Court justice?
They are not stated in the Constitution
How is the Chief Justice selected?
He/she is selected by the other judges
Who administers the oath of Office to the President on Inauguration Day?
the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a writ of certiorari?
A formal request to the Supreme to hear a case
What is the Elastic Clause?
Gives Congress power to make all laws to carry out powers of the Federal government.
(This allows Congress to make laws to keep up with a changing society)
What is original jurisdiction?
The power to hear a court case first
What is appellate jurisdiction?
Having the power to hear a case only after it has gone through the lower court system
What is treason?
Aiding the enemies of your country
Article VI of the Constitution states:
The Constitution is the Supreme law of the land
What is needed to propose an amendment?
2/3 vote of Congress or
2/3 of states legislatures can call for a national convention.
What is needed to APPROVE or RATIFY an amendment?
3/4 vote of state legislatures approval
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