Terms in this set (27)
Why was a period of Reconstruction necessary following the end of the Civil War?
everything in the south was destroyed, there was nothing left
Who was pardoned under Johnson's Reconstruction plan?Lincolns?
It pardoned southerners who swore allegiance to the Union.; It denied pardons to all Confederate military and government officials and to southerners who had killed African American war prisoners.
program implemented by the federal government to repair the damage to the south caused by the civil war and restore the southern states to the union
an official forgiveness of a crime
group of congressmen from within the republican party who believed that the civil war had been fought over the moral issue of slavery, and insisted that the main goal of reconstruction should be a total
type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned, it is applied when the chief executive does not formally sign or reject a ball within the time period allowed to do so
created by congress, the first major federal relief agency in the united states
laws that restricted freedmen's rights
constitutional amendment guaranteed citizens equal protection under the law
citizens personal liberties guaranteed by law such as voting rights and equal treatment
to charge a public official with wrongdoing in office
guaranteed voting rights to all citizens
negative nickname for a northern republican who moved to the south after the civil war
negative nickname for a white southern republican after the civil war
what were the black code laws?
1. curfews 2. vagrancy laws 3. labor contracts 4. land restrictions
How did the moderate and Radical Republicans in Congress disagree over African American civil rights?
they opposed the spread of black codes and favored the expansion of the Republican Party in the South. But moderates were less enthusiastic over the Radicals' goal of granting African Americans their civil rights
system of farming in which a farmer tends some portion of a planter's land and receives a share of the crop at harvest time as payment
system of farming in which a person rents land to farm from a planter
the public property and services that a society uses
Why did planters have trouble finding people to work for them?
Nobody liked picking cotton in the blazing sun. It seemed too much like slavery. Workers often disappeared to look for better, higher-paying jobs
Why was southern industrial growth limited?
Most southern factories did not make finished goods such as furniture. They handled only the early, less profitable stages of manufacturing These items were shipped north to be made into finished products and then sold. Most of the South's postwar industrial growth came from cotton mills.
What were the sources of funding for Reconstruction programs?
congress private investors, taxes on individuals
passed by congress to ban the use of terror force or bribery to precent people from voting because of their race
enforcement act of 1870
term used to describe the domination of post civil war southern politics by the democratic party
agreement in which democrats agreed to give hayes the victory in the presidential election and in return agreed to remove the remained federal troops from southern states
compromise of 1877
Why did Congress pass the Enforcement Act of 1870?
many different races and religion like blacks were getting beaten or bribed out of voting
What four factors contributed to the end of Reconstruction?
corruption, economy violence democrats return to power
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