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Key Concept 5.3
Terms in this set (25)
In this era people began to see beyond their village, to see commonalities between themselves and those around them. This new "national" identity was linked to the NATIONal borders of the NATION. Leaders used this to unite the people.
Called to action by the enlightenment thinkers, many groups pushed for reforms, rights, or all-out revolution.
make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.
United States won independence over the British in 1776 to create the United States of America.
Based on Locke.
Essentially a return to the old way of things--people in charge at the beginning were the same in charge at the end.
Successful Rebellion conducted by the colonists of parts of North America (Not Canada) against British rile (1775-1787); a conservative revolution whose success assured property rights but established republican government in place of monarchy. The American revolution was a struggle for independence from oppressive British rule, the struggle was launched with the declaration of independence in1776. resulted in an unlikely military victory by 178, and generated a federal constitution in 1787 joining 13 formerly separate colonies into a new nation.
France won independence over Louis XVI in 1759 to create the Republic of France.
Differs from the American revolution in its' extreme violence.
Dramatically changed France, from its politics to its street names.
Based on Rousseau.
Massive dislocation of French society (1798-1815) that overthrew the monarchy, destroyed most of the French aristocracy, and launched radical reforms of society that were lost again, though only in part under napoleons imperial rule and after the restoration of the monarchy. Taking place in France, beginning in 1789. This was ideally launched by the Declaration of the Rights of Man. This revolution was much more violent, far-reaching and radical character than its American counterpart
Haiti won independence over France in 1791 to create Haiti.
The only fully successful slave rebellion in World History; the uprising in the French Caribbean colony of Saint Dominique (later renamed Haiti) was sparked by the French Revolution and led to establishment of an independent state after a long and bloody war (1791-1804)The ideas and examples of the French revolution lit several fuses and set in motion a spiral of violence that engulfed the colony for more than a decade. The principles of the revolution of the other hand meant many different things to different people.
Latin American Revolution
Latin America won independence over Spain in the early 1500's to create many new nations.
Series of risings in the Spanish colonies of Latin America (1810-1826) that established the independence of new states from Spanish rule but that for the most part retained the privileges of the elites despite efforts at ore radical social rebellion by the lower classes. Took place in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies of the mainland.
Things that lead to nationalism:
Language, religion, customs, location.
An intellectual movement beginning in Europe that attempted to reform society using reason, logic, and science. Was the catalyst for this era of nationalism, revolution, and reform.
Documents to know
Declaration of Independence, Declaration of the Rights of Man, The Jamaica Letter
Social changes brought by The Enlightenment
women's suffrage, the end of slavery, and serfdom.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
A document drawn up by the French National Assembly in 1789 that proclaimed the equal rights of all men; the declaration ideologically launched the French revolution. It forthrightly declared that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights" these actions unprecedented and illegal in the old regime. Along with launching the French revolution it also radicalized many of the participants in the National Assembly
The Jamaica Letter
Written by Simone Bolivar, in this letter he argues that liberty should come to Latin America but before true freedom can be experienced, there should be a period of transition in which a dictator should rule.
A movement to secure legal, economic, and social equality for women, also called the feminist movement. It has its roots in the nineteenth-century women's movement, which sought, among other things, to secure property rights and suffrage for women (1848)
End of Slavery
the status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th century
She was the leading figure of the early women's rights movement in the United States (1815-1902). She published a womens' bible eliminating the parts she found offensive. As heirs to the French revolution, feminists ardently believed in progress and insisted that it must now include a radical transformation of the position of women.
Effects of women's suffrage
-women gained the right to vote
-more was expected of women
-women gained educational rights
-women began to occupy male-dominated jobs
-women were able to earn more money
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
18th and 19th centuries
Political ideology that flourished in 19th-century western Europe; stressed limited government, representation of the people in government; urged importance of constitutional role and parliaments.
Political ideology in 19th-century Europe; attacked private property in the name of equality; wanted state control of the means of production and an end to the capatilistic exploitation of the working class
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
French head of state from 1799 until his abdication in 1814 (and again briefly in 1815) he preserved much of the French Revolution under an autocratic system and was responsible for the spread of revolutionary ideals through his conquest of much of Europe. He is often credited with taming the revolution in face of growing disenchantment with more radical features and with the social conflicts generated.
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