37 terms

Quiz #5

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Asklepios
god of healing, medicine, and doctors
Hygieia
(abstract) goddess of health
Iktinos
architect of the Temple of Apollo at Bassae; one of the architects of the Parthenon
Kallikrates
one of the architects of the Parthenon
Kleisthenes
Athenian; established Attic demes, tribes, Boule, and ekklesia ca. 508 BC
Mausolos
4th century king of Caria
Paionios
sculptor of Nike Temple of Zeus at Olympia c.420 BC
Peisistratos
sixth century tyrant of Athens; father of Hippias and Hipparchos
Phidias
sculptor in charge of decoration of Parthenon and Athena Parthenos
Polykleitos
sculptor of Doryphoros and Diadoumenos types; created kanon
Solon
Athenian lawgiver; social and economic reform c.594 BC
Themistokles
Athenian general and war hero; fortified city of Athens after Persian Wars
Vitruvius
Roman architect; wrote architectural handbook, 1st c. BC
acanthus
a plant whose leaves resemble the decoration on Corinthian capitals
akroterion
ornament at the corner of the roof of a temple or apex of a gable
andron
in a Greek house, the men's room for drinking/symposium activities
antefix
a block, often decorated, at the termination of roof covering tiles
anthemion frieze
frieze of alternating palmettes and lotuses
bothros
hole or underground chamber
caryatids
female figure used in architecture in place of columns or piers
coffers
recessed panels in a flat ceiling
contrapposto
pose in which tensed forms are balanced with relaxed forms; asymmetrical with weight shifted to one leg
isonomia
equal under the law/ equal distribution
levering
one of the processes by which blocks were moved horizontally and vertically
lewis iron
lifting device with flaring legs inserted into specially-shaped hole in a building stone
lifting boss
protrusion on cut stone block to facilitate raising and positioning
lintel
horizontal beam or block bridging a door
naos
temple
pastas
house type with long inner courtyard opening onto main range of rooms
plateia
main street in a planned Greek town
prostas
house type with narrow porch projecting in front of main range of rooms
soffit
the underside of a lintel, arch, or cornice
spread footing
in architecture, stepped foundation for added stability
stenopos
side street in a planned Greek town
symmetria
concept of components' proportions relative to one another
telemones/atlantes
male figures used in architecture in place of columns or piers
xoanon
wooden statue