The Americans: Chapter 13 - The Roaring Life of the 1920s

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Prohibition
a total ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor throughout the United States. 1919-1933
speakeasy
hidden saloons and nightclubs that illegally sold liquor
bootlegger
smuggler who brought alcohol in from Canada and the Caribbean
fundamentalism
religious movement based on the belief that everything written in the bible was literally true
Clarence Darrow
Famous American criminal lawyer; he defended John Scopes's right to teach evolution in the Scopes Trial.
Scopes Trial
..., a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
flapper
Young woman who embraced the new fashions and values of the 1920's
double standard
set of principles granting one group more freedom than another group
Charles A. Lindbergh
First person to fly solo across the Atlantic
George Gershwin
American composer who integrated classical music with jazz in such work as "Rhapsody in Blue."
Georgia O'keeffe
Artist
Sinclair Lewis
Novelist
F. Scott Fitzgerald
..., a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. his wife, zelda and he were the "couple" of the decade but hit bottom during the depression. his noval THE GREAT GATSBY is considered a masterpiece about a gangster's pursuit of an unattainable rich girl.
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Poet
Ernest Hemingway
One of the most popular writers of the 1920's who wrote "A Farewell to Arms"
James Weldon Johnson
Poet and civil rights leader
Marcus Garvey
Black nationalist leader
Harlem Renaissance
African American artistic movement
Claude Mckay
poet, first important writer of the Harlem Renaissance
Langston Hughes
Harlem Renaissance poet, A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Zora Neale Hurston
Anthropologist and author
Paul Robeson
Actor, singer, and civil-rights leader
Louis Armstrong
First great jazz soloist. Played trumpet and was instrumental in developing scat singing
Duke Ellington
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader during the Harlem Renaissance
Bessie Smith
Blues singer
assembly line
arrangement of equipment and workers in which work passes from operation to operation in direct line until the product is assembled
census
an official, government count of citizens, including where they live.
conformity
being like everyone else
emancipated
freed from restraint or from limits on thought and behavior
fad
a fashion that is very popular for a short period of time
folklore
The traditional myths and tales of a people
Great Migration
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North in the early 20th century
literacy
The ability to read and write
lynching
An execution without due process of law, especially a hanging by a mob
mass media
Means of communication that reach a large audience
materialism
Placing great value on money and possessions
peer pressure
The influence of a person's friends to be like everyone else
urbanization
The movement of Americans from rural areas to cities
theory of evolution
The theory that modern plant and animal life developed slowly over millions of years
thriftiness
Careful spending of money