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Terms in this set (77)
Point of Order
This point may be raised when you feel that a
delegate or the Chair is not abiding by correct parliamentary procedure (as laid out for the conference). A point of order is allowed to interrupt the speaker.
Point of Personal Privilege
This point is used to indicate personal discomforts or impediments to debate. It may be raised during the debate if, for example, you cannot hear the speaker or feel uncomfortably hot or cold. This point is allowed to interrupt a speaker, but may not refer to the content of any speech or working paper.
Point of Inquiry
This point may be raised after a speaker yields to questions. It is used to ask a question of the speaker relating to the speech just given. It may also be used to ask the chair a questions regarding parliamentary procedure during a normal session.
Motion to Open Debate
This is the first motion of the conference and is made to move into formal debate and open the primary speakers list. If there are multiple topics on the agenda, the body will first debate on the order they are to be discussed until there is a motion to set the agenda. All delegates wishing to be added to the speakers list should raise their placards at the request of the chair or send a note to the dais. Speaking time during debate may be limited with a Motion to Limit Debate
Motion to Set Agenda
This motion is made with a specific topic mentioned to be debated first and the other second. Two speakers for, two against, and requires a simple majority to pass.
Motion to Adjourn the Session
This motion adjourns the committee sessions for good. It will only be entertained by the chair at the end of the last committee session. This motion requires a second, is not debatable, and needs a simple majority to pass.
Motion to Suspend the Meeting
This motion suspends the body between sessions. This motion requires a second, is not debatable, and needs a simple majority to pass.
Motion to Enter Unmoderated Caucus
This motion temporarily suspends the meeting for a specified amount of time. Use it to create resolutions, talk to other delegates, or anything else you may need to do. It requires a second, is not debatable, and needs a simple majority to pass.
Motion to Enter Moderated Caucus
This motion brings the body into a moderated debate on the issue on the floor for a specified
amount of time. The moderating officer will then recognize speakers for a specified amount of time, who cannot yield to anyone but the Chair at the end of their speech. This motion requires a second, is not debatable, and needs a simple majority to pass. This motion may not be made once debate has been closed.
Motion to Table the Topic
This motion tables a topic (ending debate on the topic) until it is reopened with a Motion to Reconsider. This motion requires a second, is debatable (two speeches in favor and two against), and needs a two-thirds majority to pass.
Motion to Divide the Question
This motion may be made to request that the resolution be divided in a manner specified by the
motioner (it can be by every other letter, by prime numbers, or even by every ten words). These clauses will then be voted on individually. This motion requires a second, is debatable (2 speeches pro/2 con), and needs a simple majority to pass. If the motion passes, the body then votes on the operative clauses as they were divided out. If an operative clause fails to receive a majority vote, it is left out of the resolution.
Motion for a Roll-Call Vote
This motion requests that the Chair conduct a roll-call vote on the resolution. This motion only requires a second to be accepted.
Motion to Adopt by Consensus
This motion requests that the body adopt the resolution by consensus, meaning that no delegation would be casting a "no" vote if the resolution were to be voted upon normally. A delegation may abstain, but should one delegation object, the motion is out of order.
Motion to Appeal the Decision of the Chair
This motion appeals a decision of the Chair to the body. This motion requires the consent of the Chair and may be deemed out of order. If accepted by the Chair, the Chair and the Delegate shall each be given one minute to present their argument to the body. This motion needs a simple majority to pass. If passed, the decision of the Chair is repealed.
Motion to Introduce an Unfriendly Amendment
This motion brings an amendment that has already been submitted to the Chair with the appropriate number of signatories to the floor for general debate and a vote when debate is closed on the resolution. No second is required. It is only for unfriendly amendments, for friendly amendments are just considered automatically part of the resolution.
Motion to Introduce a Working Paper
This motion brings a working paper that has already been approved by the Chair with the appropriate number of signatories to the floor for general debate. It requires a second, is not debatable, and needs a simple majority to pass.
Motion to Limit Debate
This motion sets the amount of time a delegate has the floor during normal debate (excluding moderated caucuses). It may also be used to change the set speaking time.
Motion to Reconsider
This motion is used to bring a resolution or topic that has been previously tabled back to the floor. It requires two speakers in favor and two against and needs a two-thirds majority to pass.
Seated in the front with their gavel and facilitate the debate. They call on speakers, time speeches, and maintain the rules of procedure. If the conference gives awards, they will also evaluate your performance.
Order in committee. The chair may call it if delegates are loud or disrespectful, in order to ask for their attention during committee.
a specific action made by delegates to direct debate in a certain direction.
a list that contains the order of speakers in the committee. The specific way that the
order is determined varies by conference. The default format of debate and committee will proceed with speeches until a delegate makes a motion to change up the debate format.
Yield to the Chair
You give up the rest of your time.
Yield to another Delegate
You give up the rest of your time to another delegate.
Yield to Questions
You use the rest of your time to answer questions from delegates.
Yield to Comments
You give up the rest of your time to hear comments from other delegates.
Different groups that have similar ideas and opinions about the topics. In the real United Nations, there are regional ones, but delegates can choose to build their own in Model UN. These will typically work together to create a draft resolution.
a list of ideas formed by the blocs. They may or may not be written in resolution format. Needs to be approved by the chairs.
A document written in resolution format, approved by the chairs, and introduced to committee but not yet voted upon. Delegates will be spending most of their time writing and amending these. Once it is passed by a committee, then it becomes a Resolution.
Delegates who authored the draft resolution or actively contributed ideas. They support the draft resolution and want to see it get passed, so they should vote for it. All resolutions will require a minimum number of these.
Delegates who wish to see the draft resolution debated but may or may not agree with all of the ideas. However, they think there is some merit to it and want to see it presented. Some resolutions will require a minimum number of these.
Statements in the first section of the draft resolution that describes the problems that the committee wants to solve as well as previous measures taken to combat the problem. They are usually italicized or underlined but not numbered.
Statements in the second section of the draft resolution that outlines the specific solutions the sponsors wish to implement. They are usually numbered and underlined.
A change made to an operative clause of a draft resolution. They can add, delete, or change an operative clause in a draft resolution.
an amendment written and approved by all the sponsors to a draft resolution and is automatically included into the text.
an amendment not approved by all the sponsors to their draft resolution and must be voted upon before it can be included into the text.
combining two or more draft resolutions to make a bigger or new draft resolution
when delegates vote on the draft resolutions and amendments.
During a vote on a substantive matter, delegates may do this rather than vote yes or no. It signals that a country does not support the resolution, but does not oppose it enough to vote no.
All MUN sessions end with a vote to do this. It means that the debate is suspended until the next meeting. Can be for a short time (lunch) or a long time (next year).
The order in which the issues before a committee will be discussed. The first duty of a committee following roll call.
A guide to a topic being discussed in a MUN committee usually written by conference organizers and distributed to delegates before the conference. It is the starting point for any research before a MUN conference.
Having legal force in UN member states. Security Council resolutions are considered to be this, as are decisions of the ICJ; resolutions of the GA and ECOSOC are not.
The group of people, usually high school or college students, in charge of a MUN committee. Consists of a Chair, a Director, and a Rapporteur. It's also the term for the raised platform on which the chair usually sits.
A student acting as a representative of a member state or observer in a MUN committee.
The entire group of people representing a member state or observer in a MUN conference. They are usually all from the same school.
A member of the dais who oversees the creation of working papers and draft resolutions, acts as an expert on the topic, makes sure delegates accurately reflect the policy of their countries, and ensures that decorum is maintained during caucuses.
Division of the Question
During voting bloc, delegates may motion to vote on certain clauses of a resolution separately, so that only the clauses that are passed become part of the final resolution.
Flow of debate
The order in which events proceed during a MUN conference. This usually indicates the movement between formal and informal debate and the process of drafting, debating, and voting on resolutions.
The "Standard" type of debate at at MUN conference, in which delegates speak for a certain time in an order based on a speaker's list.
The student leader of a Model UN club
A country that has ratified the Charter of the UN and whose application to join has been accepted by the General Assembly and Security Council.
A request made by a delegate that the committee as a whole do something. Some of these may be to go into a caucus, to adjourn, to introduce a draft resolution, or to move into voting procedure.
Right of Reply
A right to speak in reply to a previous speaker's comment, invoked when a delegate feels personally insulted by another's speech.
The first order of business in a MUN committee, during which the Rapporteur reads aloud the names of each member state in the commmittee.
Rules of Procedure
The rules by which a committee is run.
To agree with a motion being proposed. Many of them must be seconded before they can be brought to a vote.
The staff of a MUN committee
The leader of a MUN conference
50% plus one vote of the number of delegates in a committee. The amount needed to pass most votes.
A list that determines the order in which delegates will speak. Whenever a new topic is opened for discussion, the Chair will create one of these by asking all delegates wishing to speak to raise their placards and calling on them one at a time. During debate, a delegate may indicate that he/she wishes to be added to it by sending a note to dais.
Having to do with the topic being discussed. A vote of this kind is a vote on a draft resolution or amendment already on the floor during voting bloc. Only members states may vote on these issues.
A state, national, regional, or non-governmental organization that is not a member of the UN but participates in its debates. They can only vote on procedural matters but not substantive matters.
On the floor
At a conference, when a working paper or draft resolution is first written, it may not be discussed in debate. After it is approved by the Director and introduced by the committee, it is put "_________________" and may be discussed.
The part of a resolution which describes how the UN will address a problem. It begins with an action verb (decides, establishes, recommends, etc)
A delegate in a MUN committee who has volunteered to pass notes from one delegate to another, or from a delegate to the dais, for a short period of time.
A request raised by a delegate for information or for action relating to that delegate. Examples include ___________ of order, ______________ of inquiry, and _________________ of personal privilege.
A summary of a country's position on a topic, written by a delegate before the conference.
The part of a resolution that describes the previous actions taken on the topic and reasons why the resolution is necessary. It begins with a participle or adjective (noting, concerned, regretting, aware of, recalling, etc)
Having to do with the way a committee is run, as opposed to the topic being discussed. All delegates must vote on these matters and may NOT abstain.
The minimum number of delegates needed to be present for a committee to meet. In GA, it consists of one-third of the members to begin debate, and a majority of members to pass a resolution. In Security Council, none exists for the body to debate, but nine members must be present to pass a resolution.
A member of the dais whose duties include keeping the speakers' list and taking the roll call, as well as assisting in and keeping track of the administrative duties in the committee room.
A document that has been passed by an organ of the UN that aims to address a particular problem or issue.
A document in which the ideas of some delegates on how to resolve an issue are proposed. Frequently it is the precursor to a draft resolution.
The ability, held by China, France, The Russian Federation, the US, and the UK to prevent any draft resolution in the Security Council from passing by voting "no"
A time at which delegates indicate whether they do or do not support a proposed action for the committee. There are two types: procedural and substantive.
The period at the end of a committee session during which delegates vote on proposed amendments and draft resolutions.
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