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14 terms

Cell Parts + Functions

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Nucleus
controls the cell
Nucleolus
Makes ribosomes, maybe more than one in a cell, found in the nucleus.
Chromosomes
traits a living thing will have, passes information from parent to offspring.
Cell Membrane
Gives the cell shape, holds the cytoplasm, and controls what moves into and out of the cell.
Cytoplasm
Jellylike material (cytosol and organelles), cell's chemical reactions take place there, mostly water and some chemicals.
Vacuoles
Liquid-filled, may store food, water, minerals, or wastes, maybe more than one.
Mitochondria
Produces energy when food is broken down, often called the "powerhouse of the cell".
Ribosomes
where proteins are made, and often connected to the endoplasmic reticulum, cell may have thousands
Endoplasmic Reticulum
The "transportation system", connects the nuclear membrane with the cell membrane. Used in detoxification of the cell. "ER"
Centrioles
animal cells, cell reproduction to
help the chromosomes arrange before cell division.
Cell Wall
plant cells, forms a thick outer covering outside the cell membrane, gives the plant support and shape.
Chloroplasts
plant cells, in the cytoplasm of green plants cells, contain chlorophyll, traps the energy from light, and is where photosynthesis takes place.
Lysosomes
digests food particles with enzymes, pinched of pieces
of golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus
flat stacks, packages and secretes from
cell.