29 terms

APUSH Chapter 40

Gerald Ford
president 1974-77, Nixon's Vice president, only person not voted into the White House, appointed vice president by Nixon: became president after Nixon resigned
Jimmy Carter
President who stressed human rights. Because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, he enacted an embargo on grain shipments to USSR and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
Spiro Agnew
Nixon's vice-president resigned and pleaded "no contest" to charges of tax evasion on payments made to him when he was governor of Maryland. He was replaced by Gerald R. Ford.
Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President Ford (born in 1923)
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic. (p. 859)
policy of equipping and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves
Nixon Doctrine
the U.S. will not do the majority of fighting in countries threatened by communism, will provide aid
Kent State Incident
shooting of students(protesting invasion of cambodia) by members of the Ohio National Guard
Twenty sixth amendment
an amendment to the US constituion, adoped in 1971 and lowering the voting age from 21 to 18
Pentagon Papers
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
Nixon's visits to China and Russia
Unexpected, only went because
negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
Environmental Protection Agency
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Election of 1972
Nixon wins and george Wallace is shot and has to droop out. Because of Watergate ford becomes president.
Withdrawal from Vietnam
Happened almost all at once, JFK retrieved about 50 million troops
Watergate Scandal
a political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice
people whose job it was to stop leaks of what Nixon was trying to achieve from being let out of the White House
Nixon Tapes
a collection of recordings of conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and various White House staffice in February 1971
Twenty fifth amendment
tells what will happen if the president dies, who succeeds him
Saturday Night Massacre
dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during the Watergate scandal 1973
Bombing of Cambodia
Led to first general student strike
War Powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
55 miles per hour
All speed limits made to this to help conserve energy during the energy crisis
Energy Crisis
when Carter entered office inflation soared, due to toe the increases in energy prices by OPEC. In the summer of 1979, instability in the Middle East produced a major fuel shortage in the US, and OPEC announced a major price increase. Facing pressure to act, Carter retreated to Camp David, the presidential retreat in the Maryland Mountains. Ten days later, Carter emerged with a speech including a series of proposals for resolving the energy crisis.
Nixon's pardon
Unexpected, people wanted Nixon to have to suffer the conseqeunces
Election of 1976
Jimmy Carter/democrat vs. Gerald Ford/republican= Carter
Iran Hostages
Iran take over US embassy and held as hostages 52 Americans
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
(1979, Jimmy Carter); purpose-restore pro-Soviet regime; destroyed hopes of Detente and hardened the relations between the US and the Soviet Union; effect- US placed an embargo on the shipment of grain to the Soviet Union