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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 16: World War Looms
Terms in this set (30)
last name means "man of steel", focused on creating a model communist state called the Soviet Union. Ruled after Lenin
established in 1939 by Stalin; Complete control over citizens. Individuals have no rights, andf the government suppress all opposition.
Established a totalitarian government in Italy, unemployment and inflation produced bitter strikes, some communist lead.
Stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals.
Leader of the Nazi party.followed a power similar to Mussolini.
The German brand of fascism, was based on extreme nationalism.
the German word for "living space" a goal Hitler wished to attain by conquering Eastern Europe and Russia
The Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s.
Led the Spanish army.rebelled against the Spanish republic.
Series of Laws to prevent U.S. arms saless and loans to nations at war/civil war.
British Prime Minister., prime minister of Great Britain who declared "peace in our time" after appeasing Hitler at the Munich conference
Chamberlain's political rival.
Giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
An agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other.
"Lightening warz' sudden massive attack intended to achieve a quick victory.
Charles de Gaulle
French General.fled to England, where he set up a gov't in exile.
Battle of Britain
a series of battles between German and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941.
Systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe, more than half of whom were Jews.
Laws which stripped the Jews of their citizenship rights, jobs and property
Nov, 9-10, 1938. Night of Broken Glass.
Purposely killing an entire population.
Segregated Jewish areas in certain Polish cities.
The three nations. Germany, Italy, and Japan
Lend Lease Act
Allowed the U.S. to ship arms and other supplies without imediate payment to nations fighting the axis powers.
Joint declaration of war aims.
The nations that fought the axis powers.
chief of staff of Japan's Kwantung Army, launched the invasion into China.
emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
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