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24 terms

US History Chapter 21

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Prohibition
the ban on alcoholic beverages set forth in the 18th Amendment
speakeasy
hidden saloons and nightclubs that served alcohol illegally
bootlegger
smuggler who brought alcohol in from Canada and the Caribbean
Fundamentalism
a religious movement based on the belief that everything written in the Bible is true
Clarence Darrow
In 1925, Darrow defended John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial."
Scopes Trial
John Scopes was found guilty for teaching evolution
flapper
an emancipated young woman of the 1920's who held independent attitudes and liked new fashions
double standard
set of values accepted by society where women have to follow stricter standards than men
Charles A. Lindbergh
the 1st person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in his plane, The Spirit of St. Louis
George Gershwin
composer who merged jazz with traditional elements creating music with a new American sound
Georgia O'Keefe
artist who painted in NYC and later the Southwest
Sinclair Lewis
novelist who criticized American society and also won a Nobel Prize
F. Scott Fitzgerald
novelist who coined the term "Jazz Age" and wrote The Great Gatsby
Ernest Hemingway
writer who introduced a tough, simple style of writing that changed American literature
Zora Neale Hurston
woman anthropologist and author who collected the folklore of poor Southern blacks
Marcus Garvey
formed a black nationalist group, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
Harlem Renaissance
the artistic and literary movement celebrated by the African-American culture
Claude McKay
poet who wrote about the pain of prejudice
Langston Hughes
poet who used jazz and blues to write about the daily lives of the working class blacks
Louis Armstrong
musician from New Orleans who brought jazz (ragtime & blues) to the North
Duke Ellington
jazz pianist and one of the nation's greatest composers
urbanization
the movement from rural areas to cities
21st Amendment
1933; prohibition repealed officially
Double standard
Women had to follow stricter standards of behavior than men did