30 terms

World History - Unit 1

This is for World History - Unit 1
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Terms in this set (...)

democracy
the process of creating a government elected by the people
direct democracy
a form of government in which citizens participate in the government
republic
a form of government in which powers rest with citizens who have the right to elect the leaders who make governmental decisions
Twelve Tables
an important victory for the Plebians - it was forcing creation of a written law code
Qur'an
the holy book of Islam is called the Qur"an
Diaspora
was when Jews were expelled from their homeland to many parts of the world where they shaved their bellies and spread Christianity and Judaism
Renaissance
in the 1300's a brilliant cultural movement arose in Italy over the next 300 years - it spread to the rest of Europe and helped develop the printing process
humanism
an intellectual movement thr focused on human potential and achievements
secular
the basic spirit of Renaissance society
patron
church leaders during the Renaissance who beautified Rome and other cities by spending huge amounts of money on art
perspective
shows three dimensions on a flat plane
vernacular
Dante's native language instead of Latin
Explain how a republic is different from a direct democracy
A republic is where the citizens elect leaders to make decisions.In a direct democracy the citizens participate directly in the government.
What did the Jews teach about the responsibilities of the individual and community to combat injustice?
Each person is responsible for their own choices. Each person has dignity that can never be taken away.
Explain why Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance
Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance because it helped the development of the printing press
Explain what it meant to be a Renaissance man
To be a Renaissance man meant a man who excelled in many fields
Describe the focus of the northern Renaissance
The focus of the northern Renaissance was to inspire people to live a Christian Life
Explain the importance of the printing press in spreading ideas
The printing press helped spread ideas in Europe because of the many languages
Pericles
increased the number of paid public officials and paid jurors, which enabled poorer citizens to participate in the government
Leonardo da Vinci
an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist; he was considered a true Renaissance man; he painted the Mona Lisa
Plato
Greek Philosopher who felt that society should be governed by philosophers-kings; he wrote The Republic
Niccolo Machiavelli
A Renaissance writer who wrote "The Prince" in which he examined how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies
Johann Gutenberg
developed the printing press, making it possible to produce books quickly and cheaply
Thomas More
A Christian Humanist of the Northern Renaissance; wrote "Utopia" about an imaginary land without greed, corruption, and war
Solon
Passed a law outlawing slavery based on debt;established four classes of citizenship based on wealth rather than heredity; created the Council of Four Hundred
William Shakepeare
an Elizabethian Age writer whose works were inspired by the classics and displayed a deep understanding of human beings
Aristotle
Greek Philosopher who examined the nature of the world and of human belief, thoughtm and knowledge; wrote politics
Jan van Eyck
used oil based paints to develop a new technique that created subtle colors in clothing and jewelry;his paintings displayed unusually realistic details and reveal the personality of his subjects
Cleisthenes
regarded as the founder of democracy in Athens;created the Council of Five Hundred that proposed laws and counseled the assembly
Albrecht Durer
produced prints that portrayed religious subjects, classical myths, or realistic landscapes