37 terms

Music Period 1 (Ren. Bar. Class.)

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Renaissance
Re-birth
Humanism
Intellectual movement that focused on human achievement
Printing Press
Invention that allowed copies of music and literature to be created cheaper and quicker
A capella
Unaccompanied choral music
Polyphony
Texture of music involving many voices at once
Word painting
Musical representation of specific poetic images
Sacred music
Music for religious purposes
Secular music
Music for non-religious purposes
Mass and motet
Two forms of sacred music
Latin
Language in which sacred music was sung
Madrigal
Secular love song sung in the vernacular
Vernacular
Common modern language used by a civilization
Lute
String instrument from the Renaissance
De Prez and Palestrina
Renaissance composers
Baroque translation
Oddly shaped pearl
Flamboyant
Overly flashy or over the top emotionally
Terraced dynamics
Sudden change from one dynamic to another
Orchestra
Performing ensemble made up of string instruments (violin, viola, cello, bass) and other wind and percussion
Harpsichord
Famous Baroque instrument shaped like a piano
Concerto Grosso
Baroque form made up of a large group and small group
Tutti
The large group of a concerto grosso
Fugue
Polyphonic Baroque form that involved melodies imitating each other.
Opera
Baroque form that included set design, scenery, costumes, and drama
Libretto
The text of an opera
Aria
The song of an opera
Recitative
Part of an opera that imitates speech
Oratorio
Baroque form that is a large production but not theatrical
Orfeo
Name of the opera written by Monteverdi
The Messiah
Oratorio written by Handel
Serpent
Baroque instrument shaped like a snake
Form
Structure of music; element most important to Classical composers
Apollo
the Greek god that best represented the ideals of Classical period
A, A', A", A'"...
Pattern of theme and variations
ABACADA...
Pattern of a rondo
Symphony
Popular Classical period form with 4 movements
Surprise Symphony
Famous symphony written by Haydn
Requiem
Mass for the dead
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