Ethics Test 1
Terms in this set (24)
Moral Philosophy refers to
the principles or rules that people use to decide what is right and wrong
2. Which moral philosophy evaluates the morality of an action on the basis of its consequences for everyone affected (seeks the greatest good for the greatest number)?
3. Which moral philosophy considers an act to be morally right or acceptable if it produces some desired result?
4. Which moral philosophy focuses on the rights of individuals and on the intentions associated with a particular behavior, rather than its consequences?
5. _____ are person-specific, whereas_____ are based on decisions made by groups or when carrying out tasks to meet business objectives.
Moral Philosophies; business ethics
6. _____ is considered the father of free market capitalism. He believed that business was and should be guided by the morals of good men.
7. _____ believe that no one thing is intrinsically good.
8. Kant's categorical imperative and the Golden Rule are examples of which moral philosophy?
9. Through time an act can come to be viewed as unethical under which of the following philosophies and perspectives?
The relativist perspective
An individual who believes that an action is ethical because others within his or her company and industry regularly engage in the activity is probably a(n)
Which is not considered a white collar crime?
Eric views animal research in the pharmaceutical industry as a way to improve drugs that will benefit mankind. Which moral philosophy most closely represents his viewpoint?
_____justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results
(T/F) Aristotle believed that everything that we achieved should be resource to achieving other things.
(T/F)According to John Rawls', "A Theory of Justice", social and economic inequalities are never acceptable.
_____said that the more sophisticated forms of human intelligence are determined by a society's economic conditions.
_____said that the market will reward/punish companies that act unethically
Teleology says that_____
Everything in the universe has a purpose or function within a harmonious hierarchy of purpose.
(T/F) Nietzsche believed that the essence of an individual is not reason, but will--the will power
A theory of Justice is attributed to _____
(T/F) The categorical imperative say that our decisions should be made according to the "Greatest Good for the Greatest Number of People".
(T/F) A hypothetical imperative is a conditional directive based on achieving a desired goal.
(T/F) John Locke's writings were incorporated heavily into our Bill of Rights.
Adam Smith's famous writing was
Wealth of Nations