12 terms

Sociology in Modules CH. 8

Which of the following is an example of vertical mobility?
A. A person loses her job as a corporate vice president because of downsizing and remains unemployed for 14 months.
B. all of these- right answer
C. An African president is overthrown in a bloodless coup and flees to a neighboring country where he works as a farmer.
D. A National Football League star suffers a career-ending injury and gets a job as an auto mechanic.
Which of the following did Max Weber suggest were analytically distinct components of stratification?
class, status, and power
Which sociologist(s) argue(s) that stratification is universal and that social inequality is necessary so that people will be motivated to fill functionally important positions?
Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore
An individual's salary and wages are referred to as
In Karl Marx's view, social relations during any period of history depend on who controls the
primary mode of economic production.
Achieved status is a social position
attained by a person largely through his or her own efforts.
Sociologist Ralf Dahrendorf suggests that among the most powerful groups in society are
all of these
Peasants required to work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for military protection and other services is referred to as a caste system. T/F
Which sociologist maintained that a person's position in a stratification system reflects some combination of their class, status, and power?
Max Weber
Which sociologist first made the distinction between vertical and horizontal mobility?
Pitirim Sorokin
In sociologist Daniel Rossides's model of the class system of the U.S., which social class contains the smallest portion of the population?
Upper Class
Which of the following would be the best example of absolute poverty?
A homeless man in tattered clothes begs in the streets for money and food.