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12 terms

Sociology in Modules CH 3

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Culture lag is
a period of maladjustment during which the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions.
Which of the following is an example of cultural diffusion?
the presence of McDonald's restaurants in Thailand, Saudi Arabia, and Japan
In some parts of the U.S., horse breeding and/or racing is commonplace. People involved in these activities have developed different words to distinguish between breeds, sizes, and sexes of horses, and these words are unfamiliar to people outside the "horse world". This is an example of
the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
Armed militia groups, such as the one that was involved in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, are an example of a
subculture and counterculture.
Nonmaterial culture
is more resistant to change than material culture.
In surveys of first-year college students over the last 40 years, which value has shown the strongest gain in popularity?
being very well off financially
Facing forward in an elevator would considered:
a norm
A list of cultural universals was compiled by anthropologist
George Murdock
Which sociologist defined technology as "information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires"?
Gerhard Lenski
The use of the terms "g-man", "honey boat", and "airmail" by sanitation workers in New York is an example of
an argot.
Which sociologist created a list of basic values to help define the national character of people living in the U.S.?
Robin Williams
A member of a rural Indian tribe in Central America who is suddenly taken to a large city, such as Mexico City, will probably experience
culture shock.