26 terms

Cold War

Chapter 13
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Cold War
a state of tension between two superpowers with no actual fighting; power struggle between the soviet union and the United States after world war II
Soviet Satellites
The Eastern European nations that remained under the control of the Soviet Union after the Second World War.
Containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Brinkmanship
the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety), pushing dangerous situations to the edge of disaster rather than conceding
Arms Race
Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons
Berlin airlift
Airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
capitalism
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
communism
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962 crisis that arose between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba
detente
A lessening of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union. Besides disarming missiles to insure a lasting peace between superpowers, Nixon pressed for trade relations and a limited military budget. The public did not approve.
domino theory
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
Gorbachev
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
invasion of Japan
japan was defeated but they wouldn't surrender. Bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Iron Curtain
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Japanese surrender
On September 2, 1945 the formal peace treaty was signed on board the American Battle ship Missouri.
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
(MAD) During the Cold War if either US or the USSR was hit with a nuclear weapons they would respond with the same. The result in the total destruction of both the attacker and the defender.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
Nuclear deterrence
the proposition that when the two nations possess the ability to inflict nuclear damage on each other, then neither nation is likely to use its nuclear weapons in the first place
Post Cold War world
US engaged in military and peacekeeping interventions
Superpowers
Name for the u.S. and Soviet Union after World War II because we were the two strongest countries in the world.
Truman Doctrine
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
United Nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO

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