21 terms

Ch. 6 , 2316

Behaviorism
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Classical Conditioning
The most original form of learning. Brought about by Ivan Pavlov studying the digestive? systems in dogs.
relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience
Learning is a....
observable
Behaviorists are only about BLANK behavior not emotions and feelings
John Locke
This early behaviorist says that we get everything from the environment. 1700's-1800's
generalization
This is when the specimen responds to a similar stimuli (dogs salivating at door bell, phone ring)
descrimination
This is when the specimen learns to distinguish btw similar stimuli (bell and phone ring)
extinction
this is when the specimen unlearns. stop presented a conditioned stimulus with unconditioned stimulus. EX: neuroticism-emotional instability, bribing to change association/learning.
John Watson
This researcher believed that most of our personality comes from classical conditioning. Said that he could shape any child into a certain personality. He discouraged showing affection to children and one of his kids committed suicide. He worked with Mary Jones on systematic desensitization.
Systematic desensitization
Watson's method for getting rid of phobias. Gradually exstinguishing a phobia by causing the feared stimulus to become dissasociated from the fear response.
BF SKinner
This researcher started Operant Conditioning. He states that reinforcements and consequences control behavior (although he didnt like the word 'reward')
operant Conditioning
BF Skinner's idea that reinforcements and consequences control behavior (pos and neg and punishment)
Positive reinforcement
This is the reinforcement that gives something in order to encourage behavior
Negative reinforcement
This is the reinforcement that is an aversive event that ends if a behavior is performed, making it more likely for that behavior to be performed in the future.
Punishment reinforcement
This is the reinforcement that is immediate, appropriate and consistant to be effective.
radical determinism
Says that all behavior is caused by the environment (no genetic influence, no free will, you are shaped and reinforced)
Observational learning
This is learning from watching others
Clark Hull
This researcher studied internal drives. He was interested in habits-connection btw stimulus and response leads to habits. Also studied ppl with superstitions, Said that ppl are motivated by internal drives.
Social Learning Theory
This theory, studied by Miller and Dollard. Hiarchy of habits. That certain situations cue certain behavior. Also studied by Harlow with his serogate monkey mother.(very scientific study) There is Approach-aproach, Approach-Avoidance, Avoidance-Avoidance. The theory that proposes that habits are built up in terms of a hierarchy of secondary drives.
Approach-approach
Positive and postive choices (movie and a party)
Approach-avoidance
Positive and negative choices (party and hw)
Avoidance and avoidance
Negative and neg. choices (study or clean)