Rhetorical Devices Camarda

Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 30
Terms in this set (30)
EnumeratioDetailing parts, causes, effects, or consequences to make a point more forcibly.EpistropheForms the counterpart to anaphora, because the repetition of the same word or words comes at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.EpithetAn adjective or adjective phrase appropriately qualifying a subject by naming a key or important characteristic of the subject.EthosGreek for "character", an argument based on ethics ("appeal of credibility")HypophoraConsists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length.HypotaxisUsing subordination to show the relationship between clauses or phrases (and hence the opposite of parataxis).LitotesA particular form of understatement, generated by denying the opposite or contrary of the word which otherwise would be used.LogosGreek for "word", an argument based on logic ("inductive/ deductive reasoning")MetonymyAnother form of metaphor, very similar to synecdoche, in which the thing chosen for the metaphorical image is closely associated with (but not an actual part of) the subject with which it is to be compared.ParalepsisEmphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it.ParallelismRecurrent syntactical similarity in which several parts of a sentence (or several sentences) are expressed similarly to show the ideas in the sentences are of equal importance.ParataxisWriting successive independent clauses, with coordinating conjunctions, or no conjunctions.PathosGreek for "suffering", an argument based on emotions ("appeal to sympathies")PolysyndetonThe use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause, and thus the opposite of asyndeton.Rhetorical QuestionDiffers from hypophora in that it is not answered by the writer, because the answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no.Scesis OnomatonEmphasizes an idea by expressing it in a string of generally synonymous phrases or statements.SyllogismA three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise.SynecdocheA type of metaphor in which the part stands for the whole and the whole stands for the part.UnderstatementDeliberately expresses an idea as less important than it actually is, either for ironic emphasis or for politeness and tact.ZeugmaIncludes several similar rhetorical devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech.