34 terms

Poetry Terms

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Alliteration
repetition of a sound or letter at the beginning of neighboring words.
Assonance
repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in neighboring words that DO NOT RHYME.
Connotation
ideas and feelings associated with a word, as opposed to its dictionary defintiion
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds (every sound besides vowel sounds) in neighboring words THAT DO NOT RHYME.
Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines in a poem.
Denotation
a word's dictionary definition.
Figurative Language
helps the reader picture ordinary things in new ways. Is not literally true.
Free Verse Poetry
poetry without regular patterns or rules (does not have rhyme)
Form
the arrangement of words and lines on a page (in poetry)
Imagery
descriptive words making one imagine how something looks, feels, smells, touches, and tastes.
Metaphor
Comparison of two unlike things without using simile words (like or as)
Mood or tone
the atmosphere or feelings the author creates for the reader
Personal Response
One's own thoughts, feelings, reflections, and analysis to a work of art.
Poetry
a type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects.
Rhyme
a repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within the same line of poetry
End Rhyme
when rhyming words are at the ends of lines
Rhyme Scheme
the patterns of rhymes in a poem
Rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
Simile
Comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
Sound Devices
ways of using words for the sound qualities they create. These can help convey the meaning and mood
Speaker
the voice that talks to the reader in a poem (does not have to be the author)
Stanza
a group of lines within a poem (similar to a paragraph in a novel)
Symbol
a person, place, object, or action that stands for something BEYOND itself.
Tone
the writer's attitude towards his/her subject
Traditional Poetry
poems that follow strict rules (i.e. for instance, they might have a certain number of lines or a repeating pattern of rhythm or rhyme)
Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
Idiom
a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.
line
the way in which a poem is written. These can vary in length.
Ballad
a type of narrative poem that tells a story. It is meant to be sung or recited. It contains a setting, plot, conflict, and characters.
Epic
a long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or group.
Ode
a type of lyric poem that addresses broad, serious topics such as justice, truth, or beauty.
Sonnet
a poem that has a formal structure, containing 14 lines and a specific rhyme scheme and meter.
Lyric
a type of poetry that presents the thoughts and feelings of a speaker. Most poems, other than narrative poems, are lyric poems. They can cover a variety of subjects: love, death, everyday experiences

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