US History-Founding Documents
Terms in this set (29)
Declaration of Independence
This document could be considered a "break-up letter" with Great Britain.
Powers or privileges granted to everyone by birth.
Agreement in which people give up absolute freedom to live under a government.
Colonists' complaints against King George and Parliament
Intellectual and philosophical movement that emphasized reason and individualism over tradition. Attempted to apply some of the principles of the Scientific Movement to government and society.
Treaty of Paris
Agreement between the US and Great Britain that gave the United States possession of the NW territory.
Northwest Ordinance (1787)
Created a system of government for Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
The Northwest Ordinance established the procedures for a territory to become a __________________.
The Land Ordinance of 1785 and NW Ordiance of 1787 both stated that a portion of the money from land sales was to used to fund ________________.
US Bill of Rights
This document copied many of its ideas, such as religious liberty & right to trial by jury, from the Northwest Ordinance.
This was BANNED in the Northwest Ordinance, and later added to the Constitution.
The Articles of Confederation
The lack of an executive branch created problems under this government.
The biggest problem under the Articles of Confederation was the central governments inability to collect _________________.
This was created by the horrible economic conditions under the Articles of Confederation
Document that makes it easier to pass national laws, as compared to the Articles of Confederation
Under the US Constitution, the federal government has the power to levy taxes, raise armies, and regulate ________________.
The division of power between the national government and state governments
separation of powers
The division of government authority between executive, judicial, and legislative branches
A form of government in which citizens hold supreme power, are entitled to vote for representatives, who govern according to the law.
To officially add or approve a Constitution or amendment.
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and other people who approved of the US Constitution and wanted it to be ratified.
People who thought the US Constitution should be rejected, or at least have some changes made before ratification.
Argued for national taxation and a strong national defense, praised the Constitution for separation of powers.
Argued against national taxation and a standing army, as well as criticized the Constitution for not protecting individual rights
Magna Carta (1215)
The US Bill of Rights "stole" the idea of constitutional protection of rights and the right to a trial by jury from this document.
English Bill Of Rights (1689)
The US Bill of Rights "stole" the idea of the right of habeas corpus and no cruel and unusual punishments from this document.
The British' Quartering Act of 1765 led to the Bill of Rights including protection of ____________
right to assemble
The British' Massachusetts Government Act led to the Bill of Rights including protection of ____________
Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776)
The US Bill of Rights "stole" the idea of freedom of religion, the press, and rights of the accused from this document.