Style, use of latin text for the mass and the eight monastic hours of prayer, composed over the course of fifteen centuries, lack of a snese of meter or regular rhythm.
Composed first polyphonic setting of the mass ordinary, THe mass of our lady, best known work in the entire medieval repertoire: most important composer of the fourteenth century: comparison with Geoffrey Chaucer.
Medieval Music Style
Monophonic music sung in notes of equal value without clearly marked rhythms; mainly vocal music - few instrumental compositions survived; Melodies move by step within a narrow range and rarely use the chromatic tones.
belief that people are something more than a mere conduit for gifts descending from heaven, that they have the capacity to create many things good and beautiful- indeed, the ability to shape their own world.
A composition for choir setting a religious, devotional, or solemn text, often sung "a cappella"; Josquin's ave maria is an example of a renaissance motet.
Josquin Des Prez
born in northern Europe, spent most of his career in italy and excelled in writing motets. Temperament and ego, equal to Michelangelo, earned high twice as much money as his peers. Musical style was later copied by Bach and Mozart.
The reform movement that promoted a more conservative, austere (strict) approach to art. The musician who embodied this was Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.
Council of Trent
a two decade long conference at which leading cardinals and bishops undertook a reform of the roman catholic church.
Spent most of his creative life in rome serving the major churches. Influence on the Counter-reformation music style.
The depicting of text by means of a descriptive musical gesture, whether subtly or jokingly as a musical pun.
A piece for several solo voices, usually 4 or 5, that sets a vernacular poem, most often about love, to music. Emerged in Italy @ 1350.