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EIPA Written Test
Terms in this set (86)
A mixture of English and ASL
Does Learning sign language interfere with developing speech?
What two things does an interpreter need to be an effective tutor?
1. Be familiar with the subject matter.
2. Understand how to break down information into small steps, building on concepts already known.
Individual into culture, learn behavior, accepted into group
Are communication and language the same?
Least Restrictive Environment
The systematic study of a language.
State Education Agency: regulatory role in educating students:
1. Teacher credentials, 2. Minimum standards for curriculum, 3. Annual achievement tests
What 3 things does an interpreter need to know about a student to function properly?
1. Receptive and Expressive language skill
3.Educational goals on the IEP
Decisions regarding interpreting are made within the social and political culture of D/HH adults. The interpreter must be conscious of power imbalances.
What do we know about the language development of deaf students who have been identified early?
They have a better chance to develop language at appropriate ages.
What is Visual Noise? (5 examples)
1. Extraneous conversation
4. Side comments
5. Environmental noises
Why is conversation easier than lecture for deaf students? (3 reasons)
1. Turn taking occurs
2. Slower pace
3. Shared interest in the topic
What are Iconic signs?
Signs that look like what they are referring to. (i.e.: "cat" referring to whiskers, does NOT make learning sign language easier)
What is Phonology?
Speech sounds or the individual parts of a sign.
How do students learn best? (3 ways)
1. Making Mistakes
Can a student repeat a concept he doesn't understand?
Do the pragmatics of language a change with age?
Tutoring services must be what 3 things?
1. Identified on the IEP
2. Determined by the IEP team
3. Directed by the classroom teacher
What are the benefits of annual assessments for interpreters? (3)
1. Verify skill level
2. Make others view the interpreter as a professional
3. Guide and record progress
List 3 typical hearing aid problems that students encounter.
1. Dead batteries
2. Clogged ear molds
3. Broken cords on FM systems
What are the 4 requirements to determine language?
1. A rule-governed system using symbols.
2. Shared by a group of people.
3. Includes spoken and signed
4. Changes over time.
Name 8 duties of an Educational Interpreter
1. Provide input for strategies to promote independence
2. encourage direct communication
3. Interpret content and non-content
4. Promote student participation
5. Address discipline problems and procedures
6. Express concerns related to students needs
7. Educate others about hearing loss
8. Provide tutoring as needed. (Directed by the IEP)
What are the 3 major dimensions of language?
What 4 ways can interaction with Deaf adults help an Educational Interpreter?
1. Language expansion and exposure
2. Resources in the D/HH community
3. Social opportunities
4. Role models
What is the Conduit Model?
AKA the Machine Model: Conveying information from one language to another without personal/cultural context.
What is Simultaneous Communication?
Speaking and Signing at the same time
Exchange of cultural features, continuous first hand contact but the two groups remain distinct.
Interpreters working with diverse populations must possess what 3 things?
1. Cultural Sensitivity and vocabulary
2. Knowledge of cross-cultural implications, i.e.: eye contact, touch, etc.
3. Recognize non-manual signals and gestures, differentiate in group and out group sign usage.
What is decontextualized language?
Discussing people or events that are not present or visable
Do all states have specific requirements for Educational Interpreters?
Should interpreters use gestures?
Yes. All people use gestures.
What is a main difference between hearing and deaf students relating to language development in schools?
Hearing students use language to learn
Deaf students are learning both language and new concepts.
Involves the concepts of pity, dependency and paternalism
What are the 6 parts of the Taxonomy of Cognitive Skills
Do deaf students have the opportunity to gain meta linguistic knowledge of sign language?
What is Modality?
Refers to whether a language is written, spoken, or signed.
Identify 3 activities that indicate a students understanding of a concept.
1. Explain it
2. Discuss it
3. Provide an example
What are the 4 levels of analyzing a message?
1. Lexical = word level
2. Phrases= phrase level
3. Sentential = sentence level
4. Discourse (textual) = whole paragraph
The ability to talk about the past
What is prosody?
How a language stresses words and phrases and uses intonation to convey meaning and grammatical concepts.
What 4 sources of information does an interpreter use to determine a mode or style of communication?
2. Conversation with student
4. Student request
What are 4 reasons that an interpreter may be the best tutor for a student?
1. Able to communicate directly
2. Is aware of the students educational program
3. Rapport is already established
4. Is aware of the student's language style, vocabulary, and competence.
What is the major goal of education?
Literacy and decision making skills
Mispronunciation of words is a natural part of learning language
A test used to determine students improvement in reading, writing, and other content subjects
What age does a child produce complex language?
3 years old
Cognitive Development is independent of language development
A test that attempts to measure the connive abilities and processing strategies of a student.
4 domains for schemes
Variations in the language based on whom we are talking with and in what setting
Are Language and Speech the same?
If a hearing student makes a language error what do adults do?
Repeat, provide correction, do not expect immediate change
What is Form?
Refers to the grammatical structure of a language
What is a Classifier?
Grammatical structures that provide information about how something locks; how we hold and manipulate things, and how people and things are positioned and moved in space. A handshake that represents another object/ action.
What is ASL Morphology?
The internal structure of the word. I.e. Pronouns are made by pointing to an object, location or a person in space.
How will different languages at home and school impact the student?
Continuity is disrupted and performance is slowed.
How are deaf adults resources in school settings?
1. Information about sign language
2. Community resources
3. Social opportunities
4. Identify and have strategies for being a successful deaf adult
What 2 factors determine matching an interpreter with a student?
1. Language Fluency
2. Skill Level
What are 2 ways that mentoring and peer support help Educational Interpreters?
1. Enhance skills
2. Learn more linguistic information
List 6 factors which impact message equivalency
1. Interpreter language ability
2. Speaker's rate of delivery
3. Interpreter's knowledge of content
4. Communicative intent
5. Organization of content
In an educational setting an interpreter may occupy what 4 roles?
1. IEP team member
*Note: NOT teacher/disciplinarian
What are the 3 steps of pragmatics:
A person's ability to use a language for different functions. The rules that govern how we use language with other people.
What is Lexical Borrowing?
Finger spelled words that take an appearance of a sign.
Adaption to the physical environment. Ex. Climate
In ASL relationships of objects are shown using space. In English this is called...?
What is English Morphology?
Uses the order of words to structure the sentence. Pronouns take the place of nouns. Ex: he, it, this, and that
Local Education Agency
Responsible for complying with state and federal requirements
2. Placement and delivery of services
Adopts prevailing culture
4 ways to effectively prepare for classroom settings
3. Lesson goals
At what grade level do textbook's language demands increase?
Why is it easier for a student to talk to another student rather than an adult?
Student's don't correct each other's language
What is the goal of interpreting?
Name 6 resources available to interpreters regarding self-care, both physically and psychologically.
Knowing how to segment language at the lexical and sentential level is called...?
Lack of access to language is a _________ problem?
What age can deaf kids finger spell?
How does a deaf ASL student learn English?
Synonym for Discourse
Communication either in print or through the air
What is English Syntax?
Uses the order of words to structure the sentence. Highlights the relationships of words to each other and sometimes gives clues as to how the words should be understood in context.
Bilingual-Bicultural Model: Providing message equivalency using knowledge and fluency in both English and ASL.
Why should Interpreters know the students current level of functioning?
It will determine vocabulary choices and language structures
A major goal of DEAF education is...
Developing sufficient English language skills so students can participate in the general curriculum.
What is Metalinguistic Knowledge?
Being able to think and discuss language
How do interpreters influence language development in students. (3 ways)
2. Conversation/ interaction
What are Arbitrary Signs?
Signs that are chosen or determined at random with no particular resemblance to the word they refer to. Ex. "Wrong"
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