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US History 2 Regan Era
Terms in this set (48)
Republican Conservative President
Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill
Former Speaker of the House
Democratic president who was blamed for an economic crisis
American Politician who was lost the presidential race in 1964
Sandra Day O'Connor
First woman Supreme Court justice Appointed by Ronald Reagan
Last ruler of the Soviet Union
Pope John Paul II
Former Pope from Poland
Former supreme leader from Iran
Paul Adolph Volcker, Jr
is an American economist. He was Chairman of the Federal Reserve under Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan
Shah of Iran
Iranian leader responsible for killing and torturing thousands
Former president of Egypt who signed the camp David Accords
Former president of Israel who signed the Camp David Accords
American Automobile Executive know for spearheading the Ford Mustang
High inflation with High unemployment
Production of more money without anything backing it
secret arrangement in the 1980s to provide funds to the Nicaraguan contra rebels from profits gained by selling arms to Iran
a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Political philosophy's lead by televangelists
Jerry Falwell and Pat
a political action group formed in the 1970s to further a conservative and religious agenda, including the allowance of prayer in schools and strict laws against abortion
Is a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the late 19th century in reaction to theological modernism, which aimed to revise traditional Christian beliefs
Economic during the Reagan administration with the goal of lowering taxes and restrictions
is a macroeconomic theory that argues economic growth can be most effectively created by investing in capital and by lowering barriers on the production of goods and services.
Savings & Loan crisis
was the failure of 1,043 out of the 3,234 savings and loan associations in the United States from 1986 to 1995
A sickness that arose in the 1990 and 80s that weakened the immune system
Group of people fighting against communism in Nicaragua
Strategic Defense Initiative
Satellite that uses lasers to shoot down missiles
Communist document that says once a communist state always a communist government
pledged his support for anti-Communist revolutions in what would become known as the "Reagan Doctrine." In Afghanistan, the United States was already providing aid to anti-Soviet freedom fighters, ultimately, helping to force Soviet troops to withdraw.
Multiple people fighting against Russia taking over Afganastan
A country that is weaker than one country submitting to another country
Three Mile Island/Chernoby
Incidents including nuclear reactors that have ended creation of new nuclear energy programs
Panama Canal treaties
Treaties that the US submitted the panama canals to Panama
The Us CIA program to see how many congress men would take bribes. 2 out of 11 didn't
refugees who fled Vietnam by boat and ship after the Vietnam War
Rights all humans are born with and are guaranteed
University of California v. Bakke (1978)
Court case that deals with upholding Athermative Action and allowing race to be part of registration
Act that gave illegal immigrants United States Citizenship if they weren't criminals
Third party Candidate who ran against Reagan and Carter
1. What happened with the U.S. economy after 1983? How did Republicans explain it? How did Democrats explain it and label Reaganomics?
The economy grew strongly - 4 percent or more GDP growth for seven years - and Republicans said it was the tax cuts that caused the strong growth. Democrats called it "trickle down economics," and said the recovery had been financed on the national credit card with debt.
2. Why did Iran take American embassy personnel hostage in 1979? What happened to them? What was the political effect of the crisis in the United States?
They thought they were spies and were afraid of another coup to reinstall the Shah, and they wanted the Shah back to put him on trial for 200,000 murders by his government from 1953-1979. The hostages are released unharmed after 444 days. The political effect is that Carter is a weak leader, and he loses his reelection campaign.
3. What were the Panama Canal treaties? Why were they controversial?
They transferred the U.S.-built canal to Panama, and the treaties were not identically worded. Also there was some fear that the canal zone wouldn't be secure during a crisis.
4. What is the Brezhnev doctrine, and how was it different from the Reagan doctrine?
The Brezhnev doctrine is that once a country goes communist, Russia will ensure it stays communist. The Reagan Doctrine says that the U.S. will provide assistance to guerrillas fighting communist governments, in an effort to roll back the Soviet empire.
5. What was the Strategic Defense Initiative? What did some Democrats call it?
SDI is a space-based research program to produce a defense against nuclear weapons. Some Democrats called it "Star Wars."
6. What is the difference between the budget deficit and the national debt?
A deficit is the difference of new debt added each year, but the national debt is the total of all deficits going back to 1788
7. What two major flows of immigration happened during the late 1970s and the early 1980s to the U.S., other than immigration from Mexico? How did Congress react with legislation in 1986?
Immigrants come from Cuba (Mariel Boat Lift) and Southeast Asia (Vietnam and Laos) in the wake of the Vietnam war. Congress passed the Simpson-Mazzoli Act that granted amnesty to longterm immigrants (4 years or more), fined employers of illegal immigrants and promised stronger border enforcement.
8. What did the U.S. Supreme Court decide in University of California v. Bakke? How did it impact the civil rights movement in America?
This case repealed racial quotas (second generation "affirmative action").
9. What is Camp David? What were the Camp David Accords? What did they do?
Camp David is a military base that is a retreat house for the President. The Camp David Accords brought Egypt and Israel together to recognize each other's existence (no Islamic country recognized Israel's right to exist at the time). It also promised $3.0 billion in military and economic aid to Israel every year, and $2.1 billion to Egypt.
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