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Sociology 202 Exam #3
Terms in this set (88)
The purpose of qualitative interviewing is to
Understand how individual subjectively see the world and make sense of their lives
And collecting data, qualitive interviewing has been used in conjunction with
Semi structured interviews
Are designed ahead of time but are modified as appropriate for each participant
Selecting an interview method is dependent on
The amount of structure desired
A researcher has prepared a list of topics he wishes to cover and the order he plans to ask them in an interview. This plan is called a(n)
The advantage of an unstructed interview is that
It focuses on the respondents understanding of the social world and allows the researcher to understand their viewpoints
A researcher asked participants to share a photo that best represents their childhood. This researcher is using
A disadvantage of interviews conducted and groups is
Minority opinions can be suppressedcomma group Culture may make opinions more extreme than they would be otherwise, it may be difficult for some group members to abide by premises of confidentiality
The key difference between a group interview and a focus group is
The moderators management of the discussion
Page 259 - 260
Qualitative interviews are very appropriate when the purpose of the research is
Locating respondents and qualitative research
Is not always a simple process, often involves Gatekeepers, sometimes requires snowball sampling, May entail posting notices on bulletin boards
Page 262 to 265
Provide information to the respondent on the nature of the research, to ensure confidentiality and and nominate, provide contact information on the principal investigator, are approved by the international review board prior to the interview
Analyzing the data from qualitive interviews usually involves
Transcribing interviews from tape recordings or notes and reading this for themes and patterns
Conducting and transcribing interviews is
Both time-consuming and labor-intensive
Imagine that you have conducted qualitative interviews with a small couple of nurses about their jobs. You have done 25 interviews, you check out 30 minutes long, resulting in about 20 pages of transcription. Now that you have about 500 pages of data, how would you go about analyzing the data?
Selecting the topics that the participants of talked about, create the categories through coating, and after categorizing, look for patterns
Page 272 - 273
Typically, ethical concerns are greater and qualitive interviewing because the personal identity of the respondent is known and because individually identifying data may be collected. True or false?
Because of their high level of Engagement, qualitive interviews have a high response rate. True or false?
And instructed interview can also be thought of an interviewee guide. True or false?
A joint interview has one interviewer and two or more interviews. True or false?
And instructed interview has the advantage of yielding comparable data from many respondents. True or false?
Gatekeepers are those individuals who are empowered to Grant access to certain populations. True or false?
In most interviewing protocols, it is usually better to establish Rapport before proceeding with difficult or sensitive topics. True or false?
A focus group is organized to bring together a diverse population as possible. True or false?
If an individual at the end of an interview expresses distress or request help, it is appropriate for the researcher to identify resources that may be of interest. True or false?
Whenever you Searcher is participating and an observation, the goal is to remain as a
_______ observations involve clear decisions about what kinds of things are to be observed
Observational techniques may be desirable when
One doesn't know much about the topic under investigation or wants to understand experience from the point of view of those who are living in it
A researcher describes his observations using basic language and without much detail he is using a ______ description
Sally is a researcher engaging an observational methods. She is taking part in all activities of those she is observing. What is her Observer role?
Complete participant role
What other method also relies on observations?
Experiments, content analysis, interviews, data from questionnaires
Gaining access to a site is much more a matter of social skill or ______ when the Observer intends to announce threw up server role
The term for a participant in observational research who is interviewed is called
Observational methods include
Observational research that can be time-consuming, demanding, and frustrating
The bias caused by the observation as a result of being observed is called
When the observed take on different attributes simply as a result of being observed, this is called
Observational research has some potential disadvantages as well as advantages over the other forms of research. It reduces researchers control over significant events, and it can be time-consuming and demanding. Another potential problem of observational research is that it can be
Frustrating and energy-consuming
Observational research includes participant observation but does not include non participant observation. True or false?
Qualitative methods can include qualitative interviewing and the use of available data. True or false?
Observation is useful if you do not know much about how the subject is under investigation. true or false?
Picture scriptions are based on barebone facts versus contacts and motives. True or false?
The most important reason for doing observational studies it's because of their cost-effectiveness. True or false?
Observational techniques don't usually require that time and energy preparing for the data-gathering that is usually associated with surveys or experiments. True or false?
Observational research techniques are often a problem because they cause the researcher to intrude into the lines of the research subjects. True or false?
Data collected from observational methods can be generalized into a larger population. True or false?
_______data is collected by the researcher and ______ data is collected by someone other than the researcher
Primary ; secondary
Secondary data is
Data has been collected by someone else
The unit of analysis for studies based on secondary analysis is most always
One of the most frequently employed sources of existing statistics is / are the
US Census Bureau
Usable secondary data can be found by
Conducting a letter to review or searching the internet
The unit of analysis used in the United Nations demographic yearbook and the International Labour office is the
Letters, emails, feeds, and autobiografias are included in
A major advantage of using available data is that data is usually
Cheap and convenient
The fact that we cannot be concerned about the _______ the available data that has been collected is the disadvantage to using this as a source of information
One important danger of using available data is
The possibility of becoming confused about your unit of analysis
The ecological fallacy refers to
Making inferences about individuals from data about aggregates
A major disadvantage of using an obtrusive measure is that your subjects are likely to be inconvenient. True or false?
What has been the dominant mode of social science research in the 20th century?
Using secondary data
If we take group base results and inferred that individuals and those groups share those characteristics, we are committing ecological fallacy. True or false?
Physical traces that include any kind of physical evidence left by humans. True or false?
According to the a Si code of ethics, researches must require participant confidentiality when collecting information from public records. True or false?
A disadvantage to using physical traces to gather data is there a true sadness. True or false?
Personal records tend to have easier access Than Physical traces. True or false?
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Personal records slash family albums and personal correspondence should never be used in social science research because of ethical concerns. True or false?
Although using available data May provide resources with highly reliable information, it is usually too costly for an individual research to afford. True or false?
There are few sources of available data that allowed researchers to examine changes over time. True or false?
One concern of using available data is being confused about the units of analysis. True or false?
Content analysis allows researchers to study
Available recorded data
What is not an appropriate topic for the content analysis?
An examination of gender differences in college attendance
Content analysis dates back to
The late sixteen hundreds
Like other kinds of social research, one of the first steps and content analysis is to determine
The unit of analysis that their research will focus on
_____ are the units about which information is collected and______are the units from which information is collected
Unit of analysis; units of observation
If you were interested in the difference between commercials Shown during children's and adults TV programs, or units of an observation would be _____ and your units of analysis would be ____
Children's and adults TV programs; commercials attached to the programs
Unit of analysis are defined as _____wears units of observation are defined as _____
The units about which information is collected ; the units of from which information is
What type of sampling is used in content analysis?
Simple, random, stratified
Quantitative content analysis depends on
The research capability to create meaningful variables
Generally speaking, quantitative content analysis tend to _____analysis tend to _____
Be deductive ; be in deductive
One advantage of content analysis is that
It can be conducted with a relatively small expa denture of time, money, person power
Which of the following is not an advantage of of context analysis?
Contact analysis is a applicable only to recorded communication
Generally, the questions asked by content analyzers have to do with who says what to whom, why they say it, and how and with what effect it is said. True or false?
A unit of analysis is the unit about which information is collected. True or false?
Content analysis can be applied only to recorded communication. True or false?
There are times when the unit of analysis and the unit an observation can be the same thing. True or false?
Content analysis rely solely on simple random sampling. True or false?
Contoh this is a technique that depends on the research capacity to create and record meaningful variables for classifying units of analysis. True or false?
Qualitative content analysis focuses on verbal communication rather than statistical. True or false?
Content analysis is an obtrusive, inexpensive, relatively easy, and flexible method of data collection. True or false?
Houses typically permits one to avoid interaction with human subjects, and therefore avoid ethical dilemmas associated with research involving human subjects. True or false?
Content analysis allows us to study the past. True or false?
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