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Health Exam #4
Terms in this set (99)
What type of stroke are these characteristics linked to? Caused by a blood clot, Blood clot originates in the brain.
What type of stroke are these characteristics linked to? Caused by a blood clot, Blood clot travels to the brain from elsewhere in the body.
What type of stroke are these characteristics linked to? Caused by bleeding, Bleeding occurs on the surface of the brain, compresses brain tissue, can be caused by a head injury.
What type of stroke are these characteristics linked to? Caused by bleeding, bleeding occurs in the brain, compresses brain tissue, can be caused by brain injury.
What is this a sign of? Vomiting,Arm pain, uncofortable pressure or squeezing, neck or jaw pain.
What is this a sign of? A sudden severe headache with no apparent cause, slurred speech, arm numbness.
How many chambers does the heart have?
The right ventricle of the heart
pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.
TF?The term cardiovascular disease covers abnormalities of the heart and blood vessels.
TF?Gases and molecules may be exchanged directly through some capillary walls.
TF?Systemic circulation pumps oxygen-poor blood to the heart.
What is NOT considered a respiratory disease?
What is the by-product of respiration?
The primary cause of both chronic bronchitis and emphysema is
Which of the following is NOT a subgenre of asthma as outlined in the text?
TF?More boys than girls have asthma.
More women than men have asthma.
Asthma rates are higher for children than adults.
Diabetes is a disorder of the _____ system and the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
Rates of diabetes have ______ every 15 years between 1950 and 2008.
What is NOT a risk factor for Type-2 diabetes?
Type-1 diabetes must be treated with _____ replacement.
TF?Type-2 diabetes appears to have both genetic and environmental components.
The right ventricle of the heart pumps oxygen-poor blood to the
TF?The term "cardiovascular disease" refers to abnormalities not only of the heart but also of all of the blood vessels in the body.
What is a myocardial infarction
What develops when the body's cells become resistant to insulin.
Type 2 diabetes
Elevated levels of which type of lipoprotein are clearly associated with atherosclerosis?
low density lipoproteins (LDLs)
What is the leading controllable risk factor for all forms of cardiovascular disease?
TF?Tobacco triggers spasms that close off blood vessels.
An electrocardiogram (EKG) is used to visualiz
electrical activity in the heart.
TF?Meditation can help decrease blood pressure.
TF?You can reduce your blood levels of low density lipoproteins by reducing your consumption of saturated fats.
There are _____ chambers in the human heart.
TF?The group of cells in the right atrium that generates the heart's electrical signal and coordinates pumping actions is called the atrial node.
The optimal range for blood pressure level is
systolic - less than 120; diastolic - less than 80.
Which of the following ethnic population groups has the highest rate of hypertension?
Perhaps the most important noncontrollable risk factor for cardiovascular disease is
Which of the following is NOT one of the known major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
Low levels of _____ are increasingly associated with heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.
In this type of arrhythmia, the ventricles contract rapidly and erratically, causing the heart to quiver instead of beat rhythmically.
TF?Hypnosis may be useful in helping to control hypertension and other chronic health problems.
TF?Regular small doses of aspirin are used to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
TF?In the United States, heart disease is the cause of 20-30 deaths per 100,000 annually.
In what geographical region of the country are heart disease death rates the highest?
TF? atherosclerosis is an irreversible process.
TF? Regarding heart attacks all symptoms occur in all cases; they are just not always recognized
What is a blood clot that develops at a distant site and then travels to a blood vessel, where it becomes lodged and blocks blood flow?
TF? PVD is often fatal in older adults.
Kevin woke up and had difficulty speaking. He went to the hospital and, several hours later, his speech was back to normal. What medical condition best describes Kevin's situation?
transient ischemic attack
TF?Consumers have no way of knowing the percentage of nutrients on packaged foods.
TF?According to CDC findings, two of three adults are at risk for sodium sensitivity.
TF?Food allergies cause life-threatening reactions in many people.
TF?Most food reactions are caused by food allergies rather than food intolerances.
TF?Organic Foods may place consumers at higher risk of contracting foodborne illnesses.
three most common pathogens that cause food infection?
What is the number-one cause of food poisoning outbreaks in the United States?
eggs containing salmonella enteritis
TF?The FDA has concluded that all genetically modified food products require special safety testing.
TF?Asparagus, avocados, and bananas carry little pesticide residue, whether grown conventionally or organically.
The amount of nutrients needed by half of the people in any one age group is known as the
Estimated Average Requirement.
The average daily amount of any one nutrient an individual needs to protect against nutritional deficiency is called the
Recommended Dietary Allowance.
Intake ranges that represent adequate nutrition and that are associated with reduced risk of chronic disease are called the
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range.
The set of scientifically based recommendations designed to promote health and reduce the risk for many chronic
diseases through diet and physical activity is known as the
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
TF? MyPlate is used on food labels and indicates how a particular food contributes to the recommended daily intake of
major nutrients in a 2,000-calorie diet.
List examples of Whole grain
Corn tortilla, Brown rice, popcorn
List examples of Refined carbohydrate
White rice, Cheese Danish, wonder bread, flour tortilla.
TF?Eggs, peanuts, and milk are three of the eight foods that account for 90 percent of food allergies.
List examples of Saturated Fat
Bacon fat, palm oil, hamburger, whole milk cheese, roasted chicken
List examples of Trans Fat
french fries, donuts, onionrings
List examples of Unsaturated Fat
Alvacaods, olive oil, salmon, cashews
In 2010, the USDA introduced _____, a visual icon that illustrates the five food groups and is intended as a reminder to
Americans about maintaining balanced diets.
TF?The FDA endorses content claims on FOPs (front-of-package labels).
Vegetarian diets may offer protection against heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, digestive disorders, obesity,
and some forms of cancer.
TF?Packaged-food labels are regulated by the FDA, while labeling of meat and poultry products is regulated by the USDA.
TF?Mixing hard alcohol with energy drinks can disguise the intoxication effects of the alcohol.
Neighborhoods and communities that have limited access to affordable and nutritious food are called
TF?The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range is the amount of a nutrient one can consume without risk of developing a chronic disease.
What is NOT a macronutrient?
When Kristi, a vegetarian, combines foods such as beans and rice to consume the right amino acids, she is practicing
The fatty acids that pose similar or even greater risk to cardiovascular health than saturated fats are the
trans fatty acids.
To translate DRIs and the Dietary Guidelines into healthy food choices, the USDA also publishes MyPlate, a graphic nutritional tool that can be customized depending on your calorie needs.
What is NOT one of the eight foods most responsible for food allergies?
Approximately how many Americans die every year from food-borne illness?
TF? Some E.colie infections can be fatal to humans.
TF?Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is an umbrella term to describe nutritional guidelines that promote optimal health.
_____ is the main provider of energy for the brain and nervous system.
The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for protein is _____ percent of daily energy intake.
MyPlate promotes a dietary balance of ____ basic food groups.
To translate DRIs and the Dietary Guidelines into healthy food choices, the USDA publishes
TF?Both MyPlate and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans differ significantly from current eating patterns in the United States.
TF?Allergic reactions to food can be life-threatening.
Dietary experts consider energy drinks to be
harmful if consumed in excess.
What s a fruit or vegetable that carries little pesticide residue?
Among the most common symptoms of food poisoning are
vomiting and fever.
Compare the data in the Age Groups by Gender graph to the American Heart Association's recommended consumption limits for sugar per day. According to this comparison, men ages 20-39 are consuming ____ grams of sugar a day over the AHA's recommendation.
TF?Across age and income-level trends, women consume more sugar than men.
What is not a function of water`
providing energy for the nervous system.
TF?Carbohydrates are the class of macronutrients that supply energy for brain cells.
Your body uses protein to
build and maintain body tissue.
TF?Fats are the principal form of stored energy in the body.
Oxygen in the body is metabolized to produce unstable molecules called ________, which can damage cell structures and DNA.
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