Terms in this set (22)
Revolutionary who, armed with education, organizational skills, and a determined army, liberated his island colony from French rule
Miguel de Hidalgo
Mexican priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
Augustin de Iturbide
Military leader made emperor to prevent further revolts from lower classes. Mexico essentially becomes a dictatorship.
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
a name used today for the state that encompassed a great part of the territory of northern South America and part of southern Central America during the years 1819 to 1831.
José de San Martin
Leader of independence movement in Rio de la Plata; led to independence of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata by 1816; later led independence movement in Chile and Peru as well.
Dom João VI
Portuguese monarch who established seat of government in Brazil from 1808 to 1820 as a result of Napoleonic invasion of Iberian peninsula; made Brazil seat of empire with capital at Rio de Janeiro.
Dom Pedro I
Son and successor of Dom João VI in Brazil; aided in the declaration of Brazilian independence from Portugal in 1822; became constitutional emperor of Brazil.
independent leaders who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized national governments to impose their concept of rule; typical throughout newly independent countries of latin america.
a person who takes a position in the political center, supporting or pursuing a course of action that is neither liberal nor conservative
Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution.
A consistent pattern of beliefs about political values and the role of government.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Antonio López de Santa Ana
a Mexican political leader, general and President who greatly influenced early Mexican and Spanish politics and government. He first fought against the independence from Spain, and then supported it.
an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas
the first Mexican leader who did not have a military background, and also the first full-blooded indigenous national ever to serve as President of Mexico and to lead a country in the Western Hemisphere.[
Juan Manuel de Rosas
dictatorial governor of the young Argentine republic from 1829 through 1852.
the second largest country in South America, constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city
Don Pedro II
first dictator of Brazil
Mexican Revolution of 1910
Predates Russian revolution
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
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APWH Chap. 25 Quiz
Latin American History
Mexico, Central & South America
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