AP World History Miller Ch. 21-23
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Terms in this set (71)
The colonial wars of the eighteenth century triggered
Fiscal crises in Britain and France.
The Enlightenment was the intellectual movement in which
The methods and questions of the Scientific Revolution were applied to human society.
Which of the following is NOT one of the ideas that John Locke argued?
All people should be equal.
One of Rousseau's most radical ideas was that government
Should be abolished.
Monarchs such as Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia
Supported the many Enlightenment thinkers.
In 1793, the French hired Nicholas-Jacques Conte to
develop graphite use in pencils.
Women were instrumental to the dissemination of new political ideas by
raising the argument for women's rights, bringing together thinkers in their homes, or salons, contributing as writers and commentators, purchasing and discussing books of the era. (All of the above)
The Enlightenment's intellectual ferment most deeply influenced the
Benjamin Franklin was an example to European intellectuals that America was
A particularly healthy environment for genius.
What two related problems did the British face after defeating the French in 1763?
Limiting settlement in Amerindian lands and imposing taxes.
The Proclamation of 1763 and the Quebec Act of 1774 were intended to
Keep colonists from taking Amerindian land by slowing settlement.
The Stamp Act of 1765 required that colonists pay a tax on
Nearly all printed material.
Which 1770 event radicalized public opinion throughout the American colonies?
The Boston Massacre
Before 1775, which of the following was not one of the tactics with which the European colonial settlers responded to British policies?
Declaring was on Britain.
Common Sense, the pamphlet that stirred up anti-british sentiment on the eve of the American Revolution, was written by
The British had significant allies during the revolution including the
Mohawks, led by Joseph Brant.
The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was crucial because it
Brought the French into the war.
At Yorktown, the British General Cornwallis
Surrendered to General Washington.
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 is called the Second American Revolution because
The delegates in secret wrote a new Constitution.
In the Constitution, slaves were counted as three-fifths of a person
To give southern states more representatives.
The Constitution allowed the slave trade to continue until
Under which state Constitution were women and African-Americans eligible to vote until 1807?
Which of the following statements is true of the French Revolution?
it did not create an enduring form of representative democracy.
As a result of the French revolution, King Louis XVI was
An example of the growing poverty in France was
that 40,000 children were abandoned per year, that begging and crime were widespread, the streets erupted in violent protest and rage, the streets were swamped with prostitutes.. (All of the above)
Which of the following was not one of the contributors to the financial crisis that triggered the French Revolution?
Failure to collect tithes from the clergy
In 1787, the Assembly of Notables
Sought to protect their own interests.
In 1787, King Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General, the French national legislature, because
The French elite would not consent to new taxes.
Which French Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly?
What was Louis XVI's reaction to the formation of the National Assembly?
he started to amass military forces.
As economic depression, hunger and high bread price combined in 1789, a Parisian crowd
Attacked the Bastille.
When the Parisian crowd marched to Versailles, it
Demanded the return of the royal family back to Paris.
Which of the following was not accomplished by the new French constitution?
It put peasants in control of the government.
In September of 1792, rumors of counterrevolutionary plots caused mobs to
Attack Paris prisons, killing half of the prisoners.
The Jacobin members of the National Convention were
Middle class democrats.
During the continuing political crisis, Maximilien Robespierre forged an alliance with
The Parisian working class.
Napoleon became Europe's first popular dictator because he
promised to order an exhausted society.
Napoleon won the support of the peasantry and the middle class by
Rewriting French law asserting equality in law and protection of property.
Despite the dominance of the French military, the British defeated Napoleon's navy in 1805 at
Napoleon's invasion of ______ led to his decline.
After his escape from Elba, Napoleon was defeated at
Saint Domingue was most important to France because
It generated 1/3 of all French foreign trade.
Aside from the brutal conditions on Saint Domingue, the island erupted in revolt because
Of the turmoil in revolutionary Europe.
Who was Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverature? (wtf)
The leader of a slave revolt in Saint Domingue.
The central objective of the Congress of Vienna was
To restore the French monarchy and France's 1792 borders.
In 1830, Greece won its independance from the
End of Ch. 21
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the population grew because of
Reliable food supplies and widespread resistance to disease.
The result of the 19th century population explosion in Europe was migration
From the country to the city.
What new crop became an important aspect of the Agricultural Revolution?
The Agricultural Revolution was a change in farming methods and crops that resulted in
Rich farmers "enclosing" their lands and poor farmers becoming landless.
In rural areas manufacture was carried out through cottage industries where
Merchants delivered raw materials to craftspeople and picked up the finished product.
Which of the following is not one of the factors that gave Britain a head start on the Industrial Revolution?
It recovered from the plague more quickly than the rest of Europe.
New forms of energy were important for industrialization such as
The Steam Engine and Electricity.
Josiah Wedgwood's innovations in porcelain were made possible bym
Using mass production methods
What does it mean to use a "Division of labor" in manufacturing?
England began importing raw cotton because
Among the new inventions developed to weave cotton textiles was/were
According to the chapter, what are the two advantages of mechanization?
Iron production was transformed by Abraham Darby's discovery that
An example of the enormous quantities of iron and glass produced was the huge greenhouse named
The most revolutionary invention of the Industrial Revolution was James Watt's
Oceangoing ships initially did not use steam power because
European industries such as iron, construction and machinery were stimulated by
What invention revolutionized communication during the Industrial Revolution?
The electric telegraph
One profound impact that industrialization had on the world was that
The most dramatic environmental change caused by industrial revolution was
Which of the following is not true of urban poor neighborhoods?
The most obvious change in rural life during the Industrial Revolution was
Factory work represented a complete transformation in the nature of agricultural work because
Industrial work had an enormous impact on the family because
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