Ecology

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Terms in this set (...)

Ecosystem
Includes Biotic and Abiotic Factors
Population
Group of interbreeding species in an area
Decomposers
bacteria and fungi that cause decay
Detritivore
Eats dead organisms
Photosynthesis
Process that uses Carbon Dioxide to produce glucose
Respiration
Process making ATP that puts Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere
Producers
Contain the most energy in the ecosystem
Primary Consumers
Eat Producers
Herbivores
Heterotrophs that Only eat producers
Secondary Consumers
Heterotrophs that eat primary consumers
Niche
Organisms job or function in an ecosystem
Habitat
Location where organism lives
Biome
Area known for its climate and plant life
Cycle
What matter does in an ecosystem
Flows in one direction
What energy does in an ecosystem
Transpiration
Water loss by the leaves of a plant
Fossil Fuels
Carbon deposits used for energy supply
Heat
The form of energy most lost in an ecosystem
Ten
The amount of energy transferred in an ecosystem to the next trophic level
Biomass
Amount of living matter in an ecosystem
Mutualism
Relationship when both organisms benefit
Commensalism
Relationship when one organism benefits and the other is not affected
Parasitism
One organism benefits and the other is harmed
Heterotroph
Organisms that cannot produce their own food
Community
Group of interacting populations
Dependent
Controlling factor that depends upon a number
Independent
Controlling factor that does not depend a number
Lichens
Relationship between an algae and a fungus
Intraspecific
Competition between the same species
Coevolution
process in which two or more species change in response to each other
Divergent
Evolution caused by organism adapting to the environment, not a common ancestor