Science Moon Phases/Eclipses/Tides
Terms in this set (80)
The correct order of the moon phases is ________ moon, _____ quarter, ________ moon, and ____________ quarter.
new; first; full; third
T/F The moon can be seen from Earth because it reflects the sun's light
The 1st Quarter moon is lit on the ____ ________
We always see the same side of the moon from Earth because the moon _________ and _______________ at the _______ speed.
Rotates; revolves; same
When only a small part of the moon is visible, it is probably in what phase? (waxing or waning _____________)
The amount of sunlight reflected onto the moon from the sun causes ________ ____________.
The Moon orbits Earth in a ________________ direction
As the moon moves from a new moon to a full moon, you see the moon becoming __________.
None of the moon is visible from the earth
When the visible (lit) portion of the moon is increasing, the moon is:
T/F When the moon is waxing,the part that is lit by the sun is getting larger on the right side
Changes in the moon's appearance are
The moon is covered in round pits called
Complete moon face is visible
Moon appears to be gradually decreasing in size
More than half of moon visible
The phase of the moon that occurs between the sun and Earth
Moon is increasing and light part appears to be growing
Approximately how much time passes between the new moon and full moon?
Half of the moon is visible
About how many days does it take to moon to go through a complete cycle?
When the Earth is between the moon and sun, it is most likely a:
The moon is illuminated because it _________ the light from the _______.
How long is a sidereal month?
How long is a synodic (lunar) month?
The changing shape of the bright part of the Moon that we see is called its ___________.
The moon phases are caused by the shadow of the _________.
There are _____ phases of the moon.
The phases are named after how much of the _________ we can see.
It takes our moon about ___________ days to completely cycle through all eight phases. This is known as a _________ month.
What moon is named because it is 3/4 of the way through the cycle?
When the light is on the _________, the moon is getting ____________.
When the bright part is getting bigger, the Moon is ___________.
When the bright part is getting smaller, the moon is __________.
When the Moon is more than half-lit, it is called a __________ Moon.
When the moon is less than half-lit, it is called a ____________ Moon.
The motion of the moon around the earth is called _________.
The time that it takes for the Moon to make one complete revolution around the Earth is known as a _____________ month.
How many Earth days does it take for the Moon to make one complete revolution around the Earth?
How many degrees does the Moon move during one complete revolution around the Earth?
Does an Earth-bound observer ever see the back side of the Moon at any point during the Moon's rotation?
To an Earth-bound observer, does the Moon appear to rotate?
Does the moon rotate?
To an Earth-bound observer, in which direction does the Moon appear to move through the celestial sphere?
East to west
Would an observer on the Sun ever see the back of the Moon at any point during the Moon's rotation?
To an observer on the surface of the Sun, does the Moon appear to rotate?
How many earth days does it take for the Moon to complete one rotation?
A day on the moon is the __________ as a year on the moon.
During which moon phase could you see a
During which moon phase could you see a
What is the darkest inner part of the shadow cone called, where a total eclipse can be viewed?
What is the larger outer lighter part of the shadow cone called, where a partial eclipse can be viewed?
In order to have an eclipse, the Moon, Sun and Earth have to be?
A lunar eclipse can occur only during the ________ _________.
A solar eclipse can occur only during the _______ __________.
Which type of eclipse occurs when the Moon comes directly between Earth and the Sun?
Which type of eclipse occurs when the Earth comes directly between the Sun and Moon?
During what phase of the moon can a lunar eclipse occur?
The moon must be directly between Earth and the Sun for a ___________ _____________.
When the Earth's shadow falls on the moon, the shadow causes what to happen?
This type of eclipse occurs when the moon blocks the sunlight from reaching Earth?
Tides are caused mainly by what?
Moon's gravitational pull
Most places on Earth experience about how many high and low tides in 24 hours?
2 high tides and 2 low tides
What type of tide occurs during a new and full moon?
What type of tide occurs during the first or third quarter moon?
If the Sun, Earth, and Moon are in perfect alignment, the Earth would have a _______ tide.
If the Sun, Earth, and Moon create a 90 degree angle, the Earth would have _________ ______.
Regular rising and falling of the earth's major bodies of water
The flowing back of the tide as the water returns to the sea
The rise or flowing in of the tide
A tide in which the difference between high and low tide is the greatest
A tide in which the difference between high and low tide is the least
What acts to counterbalance gravity?
Does the sun have any effect on the tides?
What phases of the moon would result in spring tides?
New moon and full moon
What phases of the moon would result in neap tides?
First quarter and third quarter
How often do tides occur?
Every 12.5 hours
During a lunar month ________ sets of spring tides and ________ sets of neap tides occur.